‘Recherches sur les migrations des Mardes, ancien peuple de l’Asie’.

[Paris, Imprimerie Nationale, 1793, and Imprimerie Impériale, 1808].

Two parts bound together, 4to, pp. 87–149; 1–47, with a title vignette; modern boards.

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Extracted from volumes 45 (1793) and 50 (1808) respectively of the Mémoires de l’Academie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres. ‘As inhabitants of the Arabo-Byzantine border country, the Djaradjima [or Maradas] played an important part during the early days of Islam in the wars between Arabs and Byzantines, and they were known to Byzantine historians by the name Mardaïtes. Somewhat lukewarm Christians, though whether Monophysite or Monothelite is not known, and dependants of the “patriarchate of Antioch”, they enjoyed a semi-independence vis-à-vis the Byzantines to whom they supplied soldiers and irregular troops’ (Encyclopedia of Islam).

The orientalist Anquetil-Duperron (1731–1805), ‘précurseur des études iraniennes en France’ (DBF), spent the years 1755–61 in India learning oriental languages. On his return to France he wrote Zend Avesta (1771), the first European scholarly work on Zoroastrianism, and contributed numerous articles to the Académie des inscriptions. The delayed appearance of the second part of this article is largely to be explained by the Revolution, an event which appears to have greatly affected the author.

Quérard I p. 67.

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