8vo (222 x 135mm), pp. x, 436; one folding engraved map, one folding letterpress table, and one engraved portrait of Maroto, type ornament tail pieces; very occasional faint foxing or marking; modern black quarter morocco over brown marbled boards, spine gilt, marbled endpapers, black silk marker, original printed wrappers bound in; a very good, crisp copy retaining the original wrappers and the half-title; provenance: late nineteenth-century ink inscription on upper original wrapper.
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First edition. A history of the first Carlist War written by a French officer who served in the Carlist army throughout the conflict, this work provides an interesting description of life in the Carlist army, as well as details of the military campaign and its leaders, Zumalacarregui and Cabrera.
The immediate subject of the war was the contested succession to the throne in Spain, and indeed the future of the Spanish monarchy. Ferdinand VII had left the throne to his very young daughter, Isabella II, thus preventing his nephew, Carlos, from acceding to a throne that he had long expected to inherit. The result was civil war. Perhaps surprisingly, both the French and British governments supported Isabella II and not Carlos. ‘Yet the Carlist War had deeper roots than were at first apparent to foreign observers. Not only in the Basque provinces, but in Spain as a whole, it was a struggle between those who clung to old traditions and those who wanted to jettison the old Spain and create a new liberal state. Carlism represented an agrarian, clerical, separatist and feudal movement, eagerly supported in rural areas where familiar ways of life were threatened by economic change; ranged against them were the urban, anti-clerical, centralising and commercial liberals, with whom the Queen Regent had to form an uneasy alliance for the prosecution of the war. Don Carlos’s claim to the throne was the starting-point of the long conflict between traditionalism and liberalism in Spain’ (Holt, The Carlist Wars in Spain, p. 45).
A note on the verso of the half-title explains that the work was sold for the benefit of the soldiers of Carlos’ army who had taken refuge in France.
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PRINTED AT THE NEW EXCHANGE [SKORY, Edmund, attributed author].
The Copie of a Letter written from Paris, the 20. of May 1610. Declaring the Maner of the Execution of Francis Ravaillart [sic], that murthered the French King. With what he was knowen to confess at his Death …
First edition, scarce. ‘Good King Henri’ IV, the first Bourbon king of France, was a religious moderate best known for his promulgation of the Edict of Nantes in 1598. Guaranteeing religious liberty to Protestants earned him many enemies however, including the Catholic zealot François Ravaillac, by whom he was stabbed to death in Paris in May 1610. News of the assassination was carefully controlled in England through pamphlets like this one (see below).
LEAKE, Stephen Martin.
Heraldo Memoriale, or Memoirs of the College of Arms from 1727 to 1744. Edited by Anthony Richard Wagner.
Stephen Martin Leake was Garter principal king of arms from 1754 to 1773. The three volumes of his extensive manuscript journal, Heraldo-Memoriale, are preserved in the College of Arms.