Lithograph in colour, 31¾ x 43½ in (80.5 x 111 cm); vibrant colour, photographic reproductions, minor folds visible through centre; linen backed; rare, very fine.
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The Rural Radio Organization (EER) was instrumental in bringing political and cultural propaganda to rural communities during the Ventennio. It did so by launching a series of campaigns highlighting Italian military achievements, the technological advancements of modern warfare, historical programming as well as cultural programming that supported the imperial aspirations of the Fascist regime. Many such programmes were specifically produced for children and, with the added advantage of bypassing schools and teachers, the EER could directly influence the younger generation with ideals of nationalism and collective identity. This emphasis on national unity over regionalism, coupled with the focus on glorification of Italian history inevitably led to the Fascist concept of cultural strength and the dangers of foreign powers. Toward the end of the 1930s, as Hitler grew in power and the Italo-German alliance began to favour Germany, the EER’s educational broadcasts strategically heightened its message against foreign governments and turned further towards the uniform advertisement of Italy’s unity and superiority.
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De’ diritti dell’uomo libri VI …
First edition of Spedalieri’s treatise on the rights of man, an attempt to reconcile the principles of the Enlightenment underpinning the French Revolution with Christianity. For Spedalieri the rights of man lie in nature and in man’s natural desire to be happy. Rousseau’s contractual picture of society is also echoed in Spedalieri’s work. The legitimacy of the State is founded on the sovereignty of the people, who have the right to rebel against the prince, a mere delegate, when in breach of his pact. ‘Notwithstanding the hearty reception given to this work by Pius VI who said, “For a long while rulers have been asking quid est papa. Your book will teach them quid est populus”, a storm of criticism and refutation burst on the head of its author. Governments took notice of it and […] forbade its circulation’ (Catholic Encyclopedia).
‘THE BOOKSELLERS GROW RICHWITHOUT UNDERSTANDING THE BOOKS THEY SELL’ LETTERS ON THE FRENCH NATION
: by a Sicilian Gentleman resident in Paris, to his Friend in his own Country. Containing an useful and impartial Critique on that City, and the French Nation. Translated from the Original.
First edition of this translation, very rare, of a work first printed in French in Paris in 1700 (see below) and, in a different translation, in English in 1704 as An agreeable Criticism of the City of Paris.