France or Germany, second half of 12th century.
US $2816 €2611
The fine angular script and elegantly simple initials are typical of Cistercian manuscripts, although the absence of punctus flexus punctuation precludes a more definitive Cistercian attribution.
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DE MEYER, Jacques.
Compendium chronicorum Flandriae, per Iacobum Meyerum Balliolensem. Opus nunc recens aeditum.
First edition of Jacques de Meyer’s history of Flanders, annotated in a contemporary hand and in an attractive contemporary binding in the Renaissance style. Humanist, historian and friend of Erasmus, Meyer (1491-1552) had earlier published Flandricarum rerum tomi X, which appeared in Bruges in 1531. The Compendium is a chronicle of Flemish history running from the year 445 to 1278 and was undertaken, according to the prefatory ‘privilege’, at great personal expense, trouble and labour to its author, who had spent longs years of research in ‘ancient houses, cloisters and monasteries’. Meyer’s text was revised and continued up to 1476 by his nephew Antoine, appearing in 1561 under the title Commentarii sive annales rerum Flandricarum.
TOCQUEVILLE’S TEACHERCAST BY MARX AS THE EXORCIST OF THE COMMUNIST SPECTRE GUIZOT, François Pierre Guillaume
Des moyens de gouvernement et d’opposition dans l’état actuel de la France.
First edition, a fresh, unsophisticated copy in the original wrappers, of Guizot’s second great treatise on government. Guizot, the leading liberal anti-Bourbon doctrinaire whose lectures Tocqueville found ‘truly extraordinary’ (letter to Beaumont 30 August 1829), introduced his pupils and readers to the notion of democracy as a rising social state, was the first to show the impact of democracy and centralization to be superior to that of particular events in the shaping of the French (and any) civilization, and adopted an analytical, rather than narrative, outlook in the account of history and cultures which was to form the character of Tocqueville’s own writing. Although Tocqueville progressively matured an irreconcilable opposition to the doctrinaires’ propositions, culminating in an open rejection around 1840, and although Guizot’s understanding political democracy never chimed with Tocqueville’s, it has been remarked that ‘Tocqueville’s political vision had crystallized before he embarked on his famous voyage to America’ (Craiutu), and that Guizot’s lectures and published works provided him with a lasting outlook. Guizot’s moderatism was perceived by Marx and Engels as the arch-enemy of their revolutionary program: they mention Guizot at the beginning of the Manifesto of the Communist Party as a member of the reactionary alliance together with Metternich, the Pope and the Czar.