Human Sciences

Contact Barbara Scalvini or Jonathan Harrison

Human Sciences at Quaritch embraces a wide range of books and manuscripts documenting the history of ideas from the earliest times up to about 1960. Our strengths are in the history of economic thought and in philosophy, but we also deal in law; finance and banking (including speculation, actuarial science and insurance); politics and political theory; sociology; psychology; agriculture; education; logic; and the theory of language.

Some notable items which have recently passed through our hands include the only known copy of the Communist Manifesto inscribed by Karl Marx, Rudolf Carnap’s annotated copy of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus (Logisch-philosophische Abhandlung), Joseph Penso de la Vega’s Confusion de Confusiones (1688, the first book to describe the practice of a stock-exchange) and a copy of Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations (4th edition, 1786), inscribed in Smith's own hand to Bonnie Prince Charlie's private secretary.

As well as dealing in individual books and manuscripts, we also offer collections. In recent years we have sold author collections of Friedrich Nietzsche, Bertrand Russell, Thorstein Veblen, Emile Durkheim and Jeremy Bentham. Among subject collections we have offered are the Herwood Library of accounting literature (including Pacioli's Summa de Arithmetica, 1494, the first printed exposition of double-entry book-keeping); the philosophy of language; texts pertaining to the theory and study of language in the West, and the history of probability - the calculus of probabilities, statistics and their applications.

  1. CAMPANELLA, Tommaso.

    A discourse touching the Spanish monarchy. Wherein we have a political glasse representing each particular...

    London, printed for Philemon Stephens in Paul’s Church-Yard, 1654.

    First edition in English. The translator’s preface to the reader is unsigned, but the translation is usually attributed to Edward Chilmead (see Oxford DNB). He explains that he could not discover in which language the Discourse was originally written in, but that the recent [1653] Latin edition published...

    £7500

  2. THELOALL, Simon.

    Le digest des briefes originals, et des choses concernants eux.

    London, Richard Tottell, 1579.

    First edition, scarce, of Theloall’s early work on writs, a remarkable copy, intensively annotated by a single contemporary owner evidently versed in the Common Law.

    £7000

  3. SAY, Jean-Baptiste.

    Olbie, ou Essai sur les moyens de réformer les moeurs d’une nation.

    Paris, Deterville and Treuttel & Wurtz, ‘an VIII de la République’ [1799–1800].

    Presentation copy with the author’s inscription of the rare first edition of Say’s utopia, written in response to a competition organized by the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques on the question: ‘Quelles sont les institutions capables de fonder la morale chez un peuple?’. Say treats...

    £5000

  4. SMITH, Adam.

    The Works of Adam Smith … With an account of his life and writings by Dugald Stewart … in five volumes.

    London: printed for T. Cadell and W. Davies … 1812 (vols 1-3), 1811 (vols 4-5).

    First edition of the collected works, including The Theory of Moral Sentiments, An Enquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Considerations Concerning the Formation of Languages and Essays on Philosophical Subjects. The account of Smith’s life by Dugald Stewart, another leading light...

    £5000

  5. ALBERTI, Leon Battista.

    Momus [or De principe].

    Rome, Jacopo Mazochi, 1520.

    First edition of this political and social satire by the great Renaissance architect, theorist, scholar and man of letters, Leon Battista Alberti. There were two editions published in Rome in 1520, one (the present) by Jacopo Mazochi, the other by Étienne Guillery. Both carry papal privileges,...

    £4600

  6. ROSIÈRES, François de.

    Six livres des politiques, contentants l’origine et estat des cités, condition des personnes, economie,...

    Rheims, Jean de Foigny, 1574.

    First edition. A rare treatise on government, society and economy, written during the French Wars of Religion by the archdeacon of Toule. Rosières enjoyed the patronage of Charles, the Guise cardinal of Lorraine, to whom this book is dedicated. In 1580 he published Stemmatum Lotharingiae ac Barri ducum...

    £4500

  7. HAREL, Charles.

    Ménage sociétaire ou Moyen d’augmenter son Bien-être en diminuant sa dépense, avec indication de quelques...

    Paris, Bureau de la Phalange, à la librairie Sociale, 1839.

    1. First edition of this work by the entrepreneur and inventor Charles Harel (1771-1852), a friend and disciple of Charles Fourier’s. This plan describes Harel’s project for the founding of a community of 200 celibates: a utopia of communal life detailing rules (‘love’, ‘the library’…)...

    £4000

  8. MACHIAVELLI, Niccolò.

    De historische en politique werken.

    's Gravenhage, Boucquet, 1703-1705.

    Rare first edition in Dutch of Machiavelli’s complete works, preserved in all its five parts. The set includes the Historie van Florence (1703, translation of the Istorie fiorentine, two parts), De Prins (1705, the first appearance of a new translation of the Prince, after that of 1615 made by Adam...

    £4000

  9. TARTAGNIS, Alexander de.

    Lectura super prima parte Infortiati cum apostilis.

    [Venice, Arrivabene, 6 Mar. 1490; 3 Jan. 1492].

    One of the few extant copies of an incunable edition of Alexander de Tartagnis’ lectures on this section of the Corpus Iustiniani; it was the third appearance in print of this text, and the first full-length edition, following a first appearance in 1485 and a second in 1489-90. Part I...

    £4000

  10. ALBERTI, Leon Battista.

    El Momo. La moral e muy graciosa historia del Momo; compuesta en Latin por el docto varon Leon Bapista...

    Alcalá de Henares, Joan Mey Flandro, 1553.

    First edition in Spanish of Alberti’s Momus [or De principe], translated by Augustín de Almaçan and with an introductory 8 pp. Exposición by the Toledo ascetic writer and scholar Alejo Venegas (1495?–1554?).

    £3800

  11. BENTHAM, Jeremy. SALAS Y CORTES, Ramón, translator.

    Tratados de legislación civil y penal, obra extractada de los manuscritos...

    Madrid, Fermín Villalpando, 1821-1822.

    First edition: rare. A collection of Jeremy Bentham’s penal writings, translated from the second French edition of 1820, with an additional commentary, by the Spanish jurist and rector of Salamanca University, Salas y Cortés (1753-1837). This collection was first prepared and published in French by...

    £3750

  12. [SCOTLAND.

    ACT OF UNION.] A coherent tract volume of ten pamphlets, for and against the Union, published in 1705-6.

    The months leading up to the Act of Union in January 1707 were a time of heated debate in Scotland. Politicians, writers, the landed gentry, churchmen, and others joined in making their opinions known in tracts and speeches. To pressures from an England anxious to ensure a Protestant succession were...

    £3750

  13. Nine

    pamphlets dating from 1739 and 1740 concerned with the war with Spain, the South Sea Company and the sugar trade in the British...

    i). The consequences of his majesty’s journey to Hanover, at this critical juncture. Considered in a letter from a Member of Parliament in town to a noble Duke in the country: to which is added, the Duke of A---l’s speech upon the state of the nation: with the reply to it, by Lord ******. London,...

    £3500

  14. ROUSSEAU, Jean-Jacques.

    Du contract social, ou, Principes du droit politique.

    Milan, Pogliani, 1796.

    First edition printed in Italy, very rare, of Rousseau’s Contrat social.

    £3500

  15. [SERRES, Jean de].

    Gouvernement politique et economique. Tome premier [- troisieme].

    Amsterdam, aux dépens de la Compagnie, 1766.

    First and only edition, rare, of a little-studied work on politics and economics attributed to the president of the Chambre des Comptes of Montpellier. The Avis tells us that the author had completed his work by 1759. By the beginning of the printing he had modified his original manuscript in two chapters:...

    £3500

  16. [CATHERINE II, Empress of Russia].

    Le Czarewitz Chlore. Conte Moral. De main impériale & de maitresse.

    Berlin, Fréderic Nicolaï, Lausanne, François Grasset, 1782.

    First edition, very rare, of a speculum principis of the Enlightenment, by one of the time’s most enlightened monarchs. Le Czarewitz Chlore is a moral tale written by Catherine II of Russia for her two grandsons, the future Alexander I and his younger brother Constantine, while their father and mother,...

    £3000

  17. BRITO, Joaquim José Rodrigues de.

    Memorias politicas sobre as verdadeiras bases da grandeza das naçoes, e principalmente de Portugal.

    Lisbon, Impressao regia, 1803-1805.

    First edition of this landmark in Portuguese philosophical, political and economic thought. Brito was a professor of law at the University of Coimbra and the Memorias is his only published work, written in response to what the author saw as the relative immaturity of the moral and political sciences...

    £3000

  18. STAUNFORD [Stanford], Sir William.

    Les Plees del Coron, Divisees in Plusors Titles & Comon Lieux. Per Queux Home Pluis Redement...

    [London], Richard Tottell, 1583.

    The definitive edition, and that owned by Thomas Jefferson, of the first book devoted entirely to criminal law. First published posthumously in 1557 and based on Bracton and the Year Books, Les Plees deals in turn with offences, jurisdiction, appeals, indictments and defences. The third part is devoted...

    £3000

  19. WEYLAND, John.

    Observations on Mr. Whitbread’s Poor Bill, and on the Population of England: intended as a supplement to A Short...

    London, J. Hatchard, 1807.

    First edition of each work. The barrister John Weyland (1774–1854) ‘was a well-to-do man whose landed possessions were extensive enough for him to be a magistrate in three counties, Oxfordshire, Berkshire and Surrey’ (James, p. 372). In 1807, he wrote two works supporting the poor laws, entitled...

    £2800

  20. [AUXIRON, Claude-François Joseph d’].

    Principes de tout gouvernement, ou Examen des causes de la splendeur ou de la foiblesse...

    Paris, J. Th. Hérissant fils, 1766.

    Rare first edition of an important contribution to the population debate by Claude-François Joseph d’Auxiron (1728–1778), a major anti-physiocratic economist before Malthus and a significant early advocate of mathematical economics.

    £2800