Human Sciences

Contact Barbara Scalvini or Jonathan Harrison

Human Sciences at Quaritch embraces a wide range of books and manuscripts documenting the history of ideas from the earliest times up to about 1960. Our strengths are in the history of economic thought and in philosophy, but we also deal in law; finance and banking (including speculation, actuarial science and insurance); politics and political theory; sociology; psychology; agriculture; education; logic; and the theory of language.

Some notable items which have recently passed through our hands include the only known copy of the Communist Manifesto inscribed by Karl Marx, Rudolf Carnap’s annotated copy of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus (Logisch-philosophische Abhandlung), Joseph Penso de la Vega’s Confusion de Confusiones (1688, the first book to describe the practice of a stock-exchange) and a copy of Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations (4th edition, 1786), inscribed in Smith's own hand to Bonnie Prince Charlie's private secretary.

As well as dealing in individual books and manuscripts, we also offer collections. In recent years we have sold author collections of Friedrich Nietzsche, Bertrand Russell, Thorstein Veblen, Emile Durkheim and Jeremy Bentham. Among subject collections we have offered are the Herwood Library of accounting literature (including Pacioli's Summa de Arithmetica, 1494, the first printed exposition of double-entry book-keeping); the philosophy of language; texts pertaining to the theory and study of language in the West, and the history of probability - the calculus of probabilities, statistics and their applications.

  1. [ANDREAE, Johann Valentin.]

    Reipublicae Christianopolitanae descriptio ...

    Strasburg, heirs of Lazarus Zetzner, 1619.

    a fine sammelband of four first editions by andreae, including his famous christian utopia.

    £12500

  2. [SPINOZA, Benedict de].

    Opera posthuma, quorum Series post Praefationem exhibetur.

    [Amsterdam, Jan Rieuwertsz,] 1677.

    First appearance of Spinoza’s Ethic, his philosophical masterpiece, and first edition of the Opera posthuma, which ‘have served, then and since, with the Tractatus Theologico-Politicus, to immortalize his name’ (PMM 153).

    £10000

  3. POMPONAZZI, Pietro.

    Opera.

    [Basel, Henricus Petri, 1567].

    Rare first edition of Pomponazzi’s essay On fate, free will, and predestination (De fato… libri V), published posthumously in this collective edition prepared by his pupil Gulielmus Gratarol. Gratarol’s editions of Pomponazzi’s writings were instrumental in divulging the thought of one of the...

    £7500

  4. [ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY]. NATHANAEL, Abbot, compiler.

    Kniga o vere edinoi istinnoi pravoslavnoi [Book of the one true Orthodox...

    Moscow, Stefan Boniface, 1648.

    First edition, very rare, of a book of Orthodox liturgy and theology. Beginning with prayers, this is a compilation of writings on all aspects of the Orthodox tradition, including a variety of polemical treatises against heretics, Catholics, and traitors to the Orthodox faith, some of which has been...

    £7500

  5. SAVÉRIEN, Alexandre.

    Histoire des philosophes modernes, avec leurs portraits gravé dans le gout du crayon, d’après les desseins...

    Paris, Brunet, François, la veuve François, 1760-1773.

    A very appealing copy in a contemporary armorial binding of the magnificently illustrated quarto edition of this collection of biographies of ‘modern’ scientists and philosophers by the French writer, philosopher and mathematician Savérien (1720-1805).

    £6000

  6. DOLCE, Lodovico.

    Somma della filosofia a’Aristotele, e prima della dialettica. [with:] Somma di tutta la natural filosofia di...

    Venice, Giovanni Battista, & Marchio Sessa, & fratelli, [1565].

    First edition of this exposition of Aristotle’s dialaectics, moral, and natural philosophy by ‘one of the major transmitters of culture in cinquecento Italy’ (Ronnie H. Terpening, Lodovico Dolce: Renaissance Man of Letters, 1997).

    £5500

  7. SAY, Jean-Baptiste.

    Olbie, ou Essai sur les moyens de réformer les moeurs d’une nation.

    Paris, Deterville and Treuttel & Wurtz, ‘an VIII de la République’ [1799–1800].

    Presentation copy with the author’s inscription of the rare first edition of Say’s utopia, written in response to a competition organized by the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques on the question: ‘Quelles sont les institutions capables de fonder la morale chez un peuple?’. Say treats...

    £5000

  8. SMITH, Adam.

    The Works of Adam Smith … With an account of his life and writings by Dugald Stewart … in five volumes.

    London: printed for T. Cadell and W. Davies … 1812 (vols 1-3), 1811 (vols 4-5).

    First edition of the collected works, including The Theory of Moral Sentiments, An Enquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Considerations Concerning the Formation of Languages and Essays on Philosophical Subjects. The account of Smith’s life by Dugald Stewart, another leading light...

    £5000

  9. [MELANCHTHON, Philipp]. LAGUS, Konrad.

    Oratio de Platone.

    Wittenberg, [J. Klug], 1538.

    Only edition, exceedingly rare (one copy only in the US), of the main extant source for Melanchthon’s views on Plato. ‘Melanchthon’s view of Plato is known primarily from a Latin speech, which he asked Conrad Lagus to deliver’ (Hartfelder).

    £5000

  10. ROSIÈRES, François de.

    Six livres des politiques, contentants l’origine et estat des cités, condition des personnes, economie,...

    Rheims, Jean de Foigny, 1574.

    First edition. A rare treatise on government, society and economy, written during the French Wars of Religion by the archdeacon of Toule. Rosières enjoyed the patronage of Charles, the Guise cardinal of Lorraine, to whom this book is dedicated. In 1580 he published Stemmatum Lotharingiae ac Barri ducum...

    £4500

  11. MILL, John Stuart.

    A System of logic, ratiocinative and inductive. Being a connected view

    London: John W. Parker, 1843.

    First edition. A System of logic is ‘The first major instalment of [Mill’s] comprehensive restatement of an empiricist and utilitarian position. It presents … a fairly complete outline of what would now be called an “empiricist” epistemology … It begins the attack on “intuitionism” which...

    £4250

  12. LOCKE, John.

    [An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding]. Extrait d’un Livre Anglois qui n’est pas encore publié, intitulé...

    Amsterdam, Wolfgang, Waesbergi, Boom, & Van Someren, 1688.

    A substantial and extremely influential extract, published two years before the appearance of the book, of Locke’s Essay concerning human understanding: a publication of major consequence in the history of philosophy. This issue of the Bibliothèque universelle et historique also contains at least...

    £4000

  13. MACHIAVELLI, Niccolò.

    De historische en politique werken.

    's Gravenhage, Boucquet, 1703-1705.

    Rare first edition in Dutch of Machiavelli’s complete works, preserved in all its five parts. The set includes the Historie van Florence (1703, translation of the Istorie fiorentine, two parts), De Prins (1705, the first appearance of a new translation of the Prince, after that of 1615 made by Adam...

    £4000

  14. SEXTUS EMPIRICUS.

    Adversus mathematicos, Hoc est, adversus eos qui profitentur disciplinas ... Graecè nunquam, Latinè nunc primùm...

    Paris, Martin Le Jeune, 1569.

    First collected edition of Sextus Empiricus (fl. AD 200), the only sceptic philosopher of antiquity whose works have survived. It includes his two major works, the Pyrrhonian Hypotyposes (or Outlines of Pyrrhonism), which had appeared in 1562 and the Adversus mathematicos (or Against the Professors)...

    £3750

  15. LEIBNIZ, Gottfried Wilhelm.

    Oeuvres philosophiques latines & françoises de feu. Tirées de ses manuscrits qui se conservent dans...

    Amsterdam et Leipzig, J. Schreuder, 1765.

    First edition of Leibniz’ fundamental Nouveaux essais sur l’entendement humain, here published as part of the first collected edition of his philosophical works in French and Latin. The Nouveaux essais take up 496 of the 540 pages and offers one of the most important refutations of Locke’s Essay...

    £3750

  16. BALBIAN, Josse van (also Justus a Balbian).

    Tractatus septem, de lapide philosophico...

    Leiden, Christoffel Raphelengius at the Officina Plantiniana, 1599.

    Very rare first edition of Balbian’s Seven tracts on the philosophers’ stone, an alchemical text edited by the Belgian doctor and alchemist, which was eventually republished in vol. III of Theatrum chemicum.

    £3500

  17. ROUSSEAU, Jean-Jacques.

    Du contract social, ou, Principes du droit politique.

    Milan, Pogliani, 1796.

    First edition printed in Italy, very rare, of Rousseau’s Contrat social.

    £3500

  18. [SERRES, Jean de].

    Gouvernement politique et economique. Tome premier [- troisieme].

    Amsterdam, aux dépens de la Compagnie, 1766.

    First and only edition, rare, of a little-studied work on politics and economics attributed to the president of the Chambre des Comptes of Montpellier. The Avis tells us that the author had completed his work by 1759. By the beginning of the printing he had modified his original manuscript in two chapters:...

    £3500

  19. [CATHERINE II, Empress of Russia].

    Le Czarewitz Chlore. Conte Moral. De main impériale & de maitresse.

    Berlin, Fréderic Nicolaï, Lausanne, François Grasset, 1782.

    First edition, very rare, of a speculum principis of the Enlightenment, by one of the time’s most enlightened monarchs. Le Czarewitz Chlore is a moral tale written by Catherine II of Russia for her two grandsons, the future Alexander I and his younger brother Constantine, while their father and mother,...

    £3000

  20. [ANDRE, Pierre, fils d’un bon laboreur].

    L’ami du peuple Français, ou mémoire adressé à M. Turgot, contrôleur des finances,...

    Limoges, [n.p.], 1776.

    First edition thus, rare, of an attack on the French tax system published on the eve of Turgot’s demise. Set out as a narrative, this work outlines the family history of the author as a tale of hard work, of strife against the injustice and abuse of tax collectors, progressive failure to meet impossible...

    £2750