Human Sciences

Contact Barbara Scalvini or Jonathan Harrison

Human Sciences at Quaritch embraces a wide range of books and manuscripts documenting the history of ideas from the earliest times up to about 1960. Our strengths are in the history of economic thought and in philosophy, but we also deal in law; finance and banking (including speculation, actuarial science and insurance); politics and political theory; sociology; psychology; agriculture; education; logic; and the theory of language.

Some notable items which have recently passed through our hands include the only known copy of the Communist Manifesto inscribed by Karl Marx, Rudolf Carnap’s annotated copy of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus (Logisch-philosophische Abhandlung), Joseph Penso de la Vega’s Confusion de Confusiones (1688, the first book to describe the practice of a stock-exchange) and a copy of Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations (4th edition, 1786), inscribed in Smith's own hand to Bonnie Prince Charlie's private secretary.

As well as dealing in individual books and manuscripts, we also offer collections. In recent years we have sold author collections of Friedrich Nietzsche, Bertrand Russell, Thorstein Veblen, Emile Durkheim and Jeremy Bentham. Among subject collections we have offered are the Herwood Library of accounting literature (including Pacioli's Summa de Arithmetica, 1494, the first printed exposition of double-entry book-keeping); the philosophy of language; texts pertaining to the theory and study of language in the West, and the history of probability - the calculus of probabilities, statistics and their applications.

  1. [KAMES, Henry HOME, Lord].

    Grundsaetze der Kritik, aus dem Englischen übersetzt, von Joh. Nikolaus Meinhard. Vienna, Johann Thomas...

    Vienna, Johann Thomas Edlen von Trattnern, 1785-6.

    A Viennese reprint of the first German translation of the Elements of criticism, by Meinhard with the approval of Lessing, first issued in 1763-66, instrumental in the dissemination and reception of Kames’s aesthetic theories in Germany and a seminal publication in the formation of pre-Romantic aesthetics.

    £450

  2. KANT, Immanuel.

    Kritika chistago razuma.

    St. Petersburg, M.V. Popov, 1902.

    Third Russian edition of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, first published in German in 1781, and in Russian in 1867, in the translation by N. Sokolov which had first appeared in 1897.

    £850

  3. LA FORGE, Louis de.

    Traitte de l’esprit de l’homme, de ses facultez & functions, et de son union avec le corps, suivant les...

    Amsterdam, Abraham Wolfgang, [1670].

    Early edition (first Paris 1666) of de La Forge’s Treatise on the mind of man and its faculties and functions, and on its union with the body: a seminal work, the earliest to demonstrate how Cartesian metaphysics led to occasionalism. The Traitte is the first instance of the use of the expression ‘occasional...

    £500

  4. [LA METTRIE, JULIEN OFFRAY DE],

    La Faculté vengée. Comédie en trois actes. Par Mr. *** Docteur Régent de la faculté de Paris, .

    Paris, Quillau, 1747

    First edition. La Mettrie’s satirical comedy in which he ridicules the incompetence and charlatanism of doctors. Each doctor is given a pseudonym, listed with their real names at the end of the work. After the author’s death the work was republished under the title ‘Les Charlatans désmasqués...

    £800

  5. LA SALLE, Antoine.

    La balance naturelle, ou essai sur une loi universelle appliquée aux sciences, arts et métiers, et aux moindres...

    London [Paris], [

    First edition. A long essay presenting the doctrine of compensation of the contraries as universal law to world understanding. Despite not dealing with new ideas, the book is striking for his author’s enthusiastic, even fitfully naïve approach to the subject. In the preface La Salle states that this...

    £700

  6. LA SALLE, Antoine de.

    Méchanique morale, ou essai sur l’art de perfectionner et d’employer ses organes, propres, acquis et conquis.

    Geneva, [s. n.], 1789.

    First edition of La Salle’s wide-ranging work in which he examines, inter alia, understanding, learning, reasoning, syllogism, the Baconian method, asking and answering questions, physiognomy, qualities of character, and eloquence. Having travelled widely in his youth – to Newfoundland, Africa, China,...

    £450

  7. LEIBNIZ, Gottfried Wilhelm.

    Oeuvres philosophiques latines & françoises de feu. Tirées de ses manuscrits qui se conservent dans...

    Amsterdam et Leipzig, J. Schreuder, 1765.

    First edition of Leibniz’ fundamental Nouveaux essais sur l’entendement humain, here published as part of the first collected edition of his philosophical works in French and Latin. The Nouveaux essais take up 496 of the 540 pages and offers one of the most important refutations of Locke’s Essay...

    £3750

  8. LOCKE, John.

    [An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding]. Extrait d’un Livre Anglois qui n’est pas encore publié, intitulé...

    Amsterdam, Wolfgang, Waesbergi, Boom, & Van Someren, 1688.

    A substantial and extremely influential extract, published two years before the appearance of the book, of Locke’s Essay concerning human understanding: a publication of major consequence in the history of philosophy. This issue of the Bibliothèque universelle et historique also contains at least...

    £4000

  9. LOCKE, John.

    An Essay concering humane Understanding, in four Books … The third Edition …

    London: Printed for Awnsham and John Churchill … and Samuel Bishop … 1695.

    Third edition, a line-by-line reprint of the second edition (1694) but with some errata corrected. The second edition had contained ‘large additions’, the most important being the new chapter on identity (II, xxvii).

    £750

  10. [LONGANO, Francesco].

    Logica, o sia arte del ben pensare.

    Naples, Raimondi, 1773.

    First edition, very rare (one other copy only traced, in Italy), of Francesco Longano’s treatise on logic.

    £2250

  11. LOWER RATES.

    No. 7. Bankers cause War.

    London, United ratepayers’ advisory association [1930s].

    First and only edition. An authentic copy of the Fascist-sponsored newspaper ‘Lower Rates’, a rare survival from the heyday of Oswald Mosley. Under the headline ‘Bankers cause War’ we see bankers accused of creating all the problems of society, including war-mongering and creating artificial credit.

    £130

  12. MACHIAVELLI, Niccolò.

    De historische en politique werken.

    's Gravenhage, Boucquet, 1703-1705.

    Rare first edition in Dutch of Machiavelli’s complete works, preserved in all its five parts. The set includes the Historie van Florence (1703, translation of the Istorie fiorentine, two parts), De Prins (1705, the first appearance of a new translation of the Prince, after that of 1615 made by Adam...

    £4000

  13. MAINE DE BIRAN. [MARIE FRANÇOIS PIERRE GONTHIER DE BIRAN.]

    Influence de l’Habitude sur la Faculté de Penser.

    Paris, Henrichs, 1803.

    First edition of Maine de Biran’s first major work, in which he draws a distinction between what he calls passive habits, i.e. sensations and impressions which become dulled with repetition, and active habits, i.e. those which are conscious, and willed. “The effect of this, which was borne out by...

    £2000

  14. [MANDEVILLE, Bernard].

    The Fable of the Bees: or, private Vices, publick Benefits. With an Essay on Charity and Charity-Schools....

    London: Printed for J. Tonson … 1724.

    Third edition (according to the publisher’s reckoning), and the last lifetime edition to add new material. The poem that forms the core of this book was first published in 1705 under the title The Grumbling Hive: or Knaves Turn’d Honest. It was reprinted twice in 1714 as The Fable of the Bees [Part...

    £675

  15. MARX, Karl.

    Liberali i Vlasti.

    St. Petersburg, Znanie, 1906.

    First Russian collected edition of this collection of articles from the Neue Rheinische Zeitung, translated from the German by Andrei Radzishevsky, edited and with a foreword by A. Lunacharsky, published as number 272 in the ‘Cheap Library’ series of the ‘Znanie’ press. .

    £0

  16. MARX, Karl and Friedrich ENGELS.

    Sobranie istoricheskikh rabot’.

    St Petersburg, S. Skirmunt, 1906.

    First edition thus, a Russian collected edition of three works, Class War in France 1848-1850; The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte and Engels’ Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Germany. The works are translated from the original German, and edited by V. Bazarov and I. Stepanov. The collection...

    £450

  17. [MELANCHTHON, Philipp]. LAGUS, Konrad.

    Oratio de Platone.

    Wittenberg, [J. Klug], 1538.

    Only edition, exceedingly rare (one copy only in the US), of the main extant source for Melanchthon’s views on Plato. ‘Melanchthon’s view of Plato is known primarily from a Latin speech, which he asked Conrad Lagus to deliver’ (Hartfelder).

    £5000

  18. MENDELSSOHN, Moses.

    Jerusalem oder über religiöse Macht und Judenthum.

    Frankfurt and Leipzig, n. p., 1787.

    First posthumous edition, originally published in 1783 by Friedrich Maurer in Berlin, of this later work by Mendelssohn (1729–1786), in which he supports religious and political toleration, and advocates separation of church and state and civil equality for Jews. The work was reprinted as recently as 2001.

    £250

  19. MEURSIUS, Joannes.

    Rerum Belgicarum libri quatuor. In quibus Ferdinandi Albani sexennium, belli Belgici principium. Additur quintus,...

    Leiden, Louis Elzevier, 1614.

    First edition. The first four books narrate the repressive governorship of the duke of Alva (1567–73), who was sent to the Netherlands to secure Spanish rule after the collapse of the rebellion of 1566–67. An earlier version of the fifth book, which ends with the truce agreed in 1609 between Spain...

    £500

  20. MILL, John Stuart.

    A System of logic, ratiocinative and inductive. Being a connected view

    London: John W. Parker, 1843.

    First edition. A System of logic is ‘The first major instalment of [Mill’s] comprehensive restatement of an empiricist and utilitarian position. It presents … a fairly complete outline of what would now be called an “empiricist” epistemology … It begins the attack on “intuitionism” which...

    £4250