Human Sciences

Contact Barbara Scalvini or Jonathan Harrison

Human Sciences at Quaritch embraces a wide range of books and manuscripts documenting the history of ideas from the earliest times up to about 1960. Our strengths are in the history of economic thought and in philosophy, but we also deal in law; finance and banking (including speculation, actuarial science and insurance); politics and political theory; sociology; psychology; agriculture; education; logic; and the theory of language.

Some notable items which have recently passed through our hands include the only known copy of the Communist Manifesto inscribed by Karl Marx, Rudolf Carnap’s annotated copy of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus (Logisch-philosophische Abhandlung), Joseph Penso de la Vega’s Confusion de Confusiones (1688, the first book to describe the practice of a stock-exchange) and a copy of Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations (4th edition, 1786), inscribed in Smith's own hand to Bonnie Prince Charlie's private secretary.

As well as dealing in individual books and manuscripts, we also offer collections. In recent years we have sold author collections of Friedrich Nietzsche, Bertrand Russell, Thorstein Veblen, Emile Durkheim and Jeremy Bentham. Among subject collections we have offered are the Herwood Library of accounting literature (including Pacioli's Summa de Arithmetica, 1494, the first printed exposition of double-entry book-keeping); the philosophy of language; texts pertaining to the theory and study of language in the West, and the history of probability - the calculus of probabilities, statistics and their applications.

  1. GASSER, Simon Peter.

    Einleitung zu den Oeconomischen Politischen und Cameral-Wissenschaften, worrinen für dieses mal die Oeconomico-Cameralia...

    Halle, Wäysenhaus, 1729.

    First edition. Simon Peter Gasser (1676–1745) was appointed by Friedrich Wilhelm I to the first chair of economy to be founded in Prussia, at the University of Halle in 1727, where Gasser had until then been a lecturer in law. The present work, an introduction to the science of cameralism, and dedicated...


  2. GLADSTONE, John, and James CROPPER.

    The correspondence between John Gladstone … and James Cropper … on the present state of...

    Liverpool, printed for the West India Association, 1824.

    First edition in book form. The correspondence, initiated by the East India merchant James Cropper with an anonymous article in 1823, was first published in the Liverpool Mercury and the Liverpool Courier between 1823 and 1824. James Cropper’s first letter brought up the issue of the ‘impolicy of...


  3. [GOURAUD, Stéphane, known as:] GURO, Stepan Andreevich, chevalier de.

    Rech’ o deistvii prosveshcheniia na sostoianie narodov …...

    St Petersburg, Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1826.

    First edition. This early speech on the importance of higher education was delivered by the rector of the recently founded University of St Petersburg in his native French (and in a somewhat florid style, to judge from the Russian translation by Nikita Butyrsky, a fellow academic and translator of Schiller)....


  4. [GRAFFIGNY, Françoise Paule, Madame de].

    Lettere d’una Peruviana tradotte dal Francese in Italiano, di cui si sono accentate...

    Avignon: Presso Fr. Seguin Aîné, stampatore e libraio, 1817.

    Françoise Paule d’Issembourg d’Happoncourt, Madame de Graffigny turned to writing as a means to support herself after a discordant divorce from her violent and money-squandering husband in 1723. She moved to Paris in 1738, and after a tumultuous initial period, gained fame and respect with the immediate...


  5. HALL, George, Governor of Parkhurst Prison.

    Printed certificate of discharge completed in manuscript, signed ‘George Hall’.

    Parkhurst Prison [Isle of Wight], 5 September 1856.

    An intriguing piece of ephemera, discharging the 20-year-old Irishman Dennis O’Brian from Parkhurst Prison. The certificate notes that O’Brian had spent over eight months in confinement and almost five years on public works, that his prison trade was as a gardener, and that his conduct had improved...


  6. HAREL, Charles.

    Ménage sociétaire ou Moyen d’augmenter son Bien-être en diminuant sa dépense, avec indication de quelques...

    Paris, Bureau de la Phalange, à la librairie Sociale, 1839.

    1. First edition of this work by the entrepreneur and inventor Charles Harel (1771-1852), a friend and disciple of Charles Fourier’s. This plan describes Harel’s project for the founding of a community of 200 celibates: a utopia of communal life detailing rules (‘love’, ‘the library’…)...


  7. [HEINITZ, Karl Friedrich Anton, Freiherr von].

    Essai d’économie politique …

    Basel, Decker brothers, 1785.

    First and only edition of a rare work of comparative economic theory, in which the author presents tables illustrating four different aspects of a state’s political economy. The tables themselves show the economic situation in terms of population, agriculture, and receipts and expenditure.


  8. [HITLER, Adolf].

    Hitler’s Mein Kampf.

    London, Hutchinson & Co., 1939.

    First wholly unabridged and accurate English language edition. The first English edition of Mein Kampf had appeared in October 1933, and in 1938 Reynal & Hitchcock received the rights to publish a translation of the full work. The resulting production was replete with errors and mistranslations, and...


  9. HITLER, Adolf and Joseph GOEBBELS.

    Berlin, Liebheit & Thiesen, [1933].

    First edition of this collection of seven speeches by Hitler, delivered between the 21st March and the 6th July 1933, together with a proclamation by the government of the Reich to the German people on 1 February 1933, and a speech by President von Hindenburg at the opening of the Reichstag on the 21st...


  10. HODÉ, Jacques.

    L’Idée de féderation internationale dans l’histoire. Les précurseurs de la Société des Nations. Thèse...

    Paris, Vie Universitaire, 1921.

    A heartfelt history of and rationale for the League of Nations by a student of the law faculty at the University of Paris, submitted for his doctorate just two years after forty-four states signed the League’s Covenant. To those who hoped the League would be an ‘all-powerful goddess’ and found...


  11. HOLROYD, John Baker, Earl of Sheffield.

    Observations on the Impolicy, Abuses, and False Interpretation of the Poor Laws; and on...

    London, J. Hatchard, 1818.

    First edition. Holroyd (1735–1821) highlights current abuses of the Poor Laws and praises the efforts at reform then being debated in Parliament. ‘There remains not a question that the Reports will encourage and promote various suggestions and useful observations, that will elucidate and enlighten...


  12. [HUME, David],

    John Maynard KEYNES and Piero SRAFFA (editors). An abstract of A Treatise on Human Nature, 1740: a pamphlet hitherto...

    Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1938.

    First edition thus of the only publication Keynes and Sraffa signed together, a facsimile reprint of the extremely rare Abstract, with an introduction containing decisive proofs for its attribution to Hume rather than to Adam Smith, then the prevailing assumption. An essentially philological study, the...


  13. ‘HURLBUT’ [i.e. HURLBERT], William Henry.

    Pictures of Cuba.

    London: M’Corquodale and Co. for Longman, Brown, Green, & Longmans, 1855.

    First British edition, revised and retitled, issued in the ‘Traveller’s Library’ series. Pictures of Cuba was first published under the title Gan-Eden: or, Pictures of Cuba (Boston: 1854), and Hurlbert (1827-1895) states in his preface that, ‘In the short time that has elapsed...


  14. JUGLAR, Clément.

    Des crises commerciales et de leur retour périodique en France, en Angleterre et aux Etats-Unis …

    Paris, Guillaumin, 1889.

    Second edition, greatly enlarged, of the book that laid the foundation of modern business cycle analysis. First published in 1862, Les crises commerciales is the principal work of a man whom Schumpeter says ‘must be ranked, as to talent and command of scientific method, among the greatest economists...


  15. LANCASTER, Joseph.

    Autograph letter, signed at the end, to Hugh Fortescue, Viscount Ebrington.

    22 Elliotts Row, Southwark, 4 December 1814.

    A desperate and personal appeal for funds from the educationist Joseph Lancaster, founder of the Lancasterian system of mutual education, to the abolitionist MP Hugh Fortescue, second Earl Fortescue.


  16. LA PORTE, Mathieu de.

    La science des négocians et teneurs de livres, ou instruction générale pour tout ce qui se pratique dans...

    Rouen, J. Racine, 1785.

    A scarce provincial edition of this classic work on accountancy, rare on the market and greatly revised and expanded,. First published in Paris in 1704, as an expanded and re-worked version of La Porte’s 1673 Guide des négocians et teneurs des livres. There are numerous editions, translations and...


  17. LA SALLE, Antoine.

    La balance naturelle, ou essai sur une loi universelle appliquée aux sciences, arts et métiers, et aux moindres...

    London [Paris], [

    First edition. A long essay presenting the doctrine of compensation of the contraries as universal law to world understanding. Despite not dealing with new ideas, the book is striking for his author’s enthusiastic, even fitfully naïve approach to the subject. In the preface La Salle states that this...


  18. [LE MERCIER DE LA RIVIÈRE, Pierre Paul].

    De l’instruction publique; ou considérations morales et politiques sur la nécessité,...

    Stockholm and Paris, Didot the elder, 1775.

    First edition, very rare. Before Gustavus III succeeded to the Swedish throne in 1771, at the age of 25, he had been educated by Carl Fredrik Scheffer, the great admirer and translator of the Physiocrats, so it is perhaps unsurprising that the new King, ‘indisputably one of the greatest sovereigns...


  19. LIST, Friedrich.

    Schriften / Reden / Briefe. Band I [– X] … Herausgegeben von Erwin V. Beckerath / Karl Goeser / Friedrich...

    Berlin, Reimar Hobbing, 1927–35.

    First comprehensive edition of the complete works of Friedrich List (1789–1846), and first appearance in print of a number of the texts; a previous three-volume works edition, Gesammelte Schriften, had appeared in 1850–51, shortly after his death. The present edition comprises vol. I: Der Kampf...


  20. [LOCKE, John].

    Some Thoughts concerning Education … The fourth Edition, enlarged.

    London, Printed by A. and J. Churchill … 1699.

    Fourth edition, first published in 1693 and extensively revised by Locke for the third edition in 1695.