with neumes, parts of the services for Christmas Eve and Christmas Day; a partial bifolium (leaves not consecutive), double columns of 39 lines in a slightly rounded gothic script, square musical notation on 4-line staves ruled in red, ruled lightly with plummet, two-line initials alternately in red and blue with contrasting penwork extending far into the margins, lesser initials with calligraphic flourishing and stroked with red, capitals touched in red, rubrics; recovered from use in a binding and with consequent wear, creasing, soiling and staining from turn-ins, a few small holes, outer column of first leaf of bifolium cropped. The second leaf measures 255 x 174 mm (written space 205 x 150 mm)

Southern France, late 13th century.

£350

Approximately:
US $428€386

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with neumes, parts of the services for Christmas Eve and Christmas Day; a partial bifolium (leaves not consecutive), double columns of 39 lines in a slightly rounded gothic script, square musical notation on 4-line staves ruled in red, ruled lightly with plummet, two-line initials alternately in red and blue with contrasting penwork extending far into the margins, lesser initials with calligraphic flourishing and stroked with red, capitals touched in red, rubrics; recovered from use in a binding and with consequent wear, creasing, soiling and staining from turn-ins, a few small holes, outer column of first leaf of bifolium cropped. The second leaf measures 255 x 174 mm (written space 205 x 150 mm)

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Staves ruled entirely in red appear in the last decades of the thirteenth century (formerly the F-line would usually have been ruled in red and the C-line in yellow). During the same period neume forms throughout Europe generally became squarer in form, and by the end of the century the familiar square-note notation had become virtually uniform across western Europe.

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