Southern France, late 13th century.
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with neumes, parts of the services for Christmas Eve and Christmas Day; a partial bifolium (leaves not consecutive), double columns of 39 lines in a slightly rounded gothic script, square musical notation on 4-line staves ruled in red, ruled lightly with plummet, two-line initials alternately in red and blue with contrasting penwork extending far into the margins, lesser initials with calligraphic flourishing and stroked with red, capitals touched in red, rubrics; recovered from use in a binding and with consequent wear, creasing, soiling and staining from turn-ins, a few small holes, outer column of first leaf of bifolium cropped. The second leaf measures 255 x 174 mm (written space 205 x 150 mm)
Staves ruled entirely in red appear in the last decades of the thirteenth century (formerly the F-line would usually have been ruled in red and the C-line in yellow). During the same period neume forms throughout Europe generally became squarer in form, and by the end of the century the familiar square-note notation had become virtually uniform across western Europe.
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MASSUE DE RUVIGNY, Henri de, Lord Galway.
Autograph letter, signed (‘Gallway’), in French, to an unnamed English statesman, sending greetings and referring to regimental dispositions.
A Huguenot exile from France, Massue de Ruvigny served in the English army and was created Viscount Galway in 1692 (elevated to an earldom in 1697). In 1694 he was appointed commander of the English auxiliary forces in Piedmont, with credentials as envoy extraordinary to the court of Turin, but was outmanoeuvred diplomatically by the duke, who concluded a treaty with the French in August 1696, whereupon Galway withdrew into the Milanese (see DNB).
HENRICUS DE SEGUSIO (HOSTIENSIS).
Summa super titulis Decretalium (Book 5, tit. De penitentiis et remissionibus, sections 34–36; edn. Venice, 1574, cols. 1785–8); a complete leaf written in a gothic bookhand in double columns of 45 lines, dark brown ink, ruled with plummet, paragraph marks alternately in red and blue, a manicule; in excellent condition. 255 x 203 mm (written space 195 x 163 mm)
The Italian canonist Henricus de Segusio (known as Hostiensis, c. 1200–1271) was one of the greatest decretalists of the thirteenth century. His Summa super titulis Decretalium (also known as the Summa aurea or Summa archiepiscopi), completed c. 1253, was his most celebrated work. The present fragment is from the title on penitence and the remission of sins, which begins by establishing the proper confessor for each class of society. The text here concerns the confessors of parish priests, emperors and kings.