8vo, pp. 147, woodcut printer’s device on title; with 36 half-page woodcuts in the text; some faint spotting, mostly marginal, but a very good copy in eighteenth-century polished calf, flat spine richly gilt, brown morocco lettering-piece, gilt edges; extremities slightly rubbed.
US $3200 €2803
Rare edition of this satirical attack on the Catholic Church and the Pope by the Protestant minister Simon Du Rosier (or Rosarius), first published in Wittemberg in 1521. An excellent example of the ‘antithesis genre’, of which Luther’s Passional Christi und Antichristi is the most famous expression, Du Rosier’s work is illustrated by a series of woodcuts, attributed to Bernard Salomon after Lucas Cranach, which cleverly juxtapose the life of Christ with the luxury and dissolution of the Pope in order to back the Lutheran tenet that the Pope is the Antichrist.
Provenance: Richard Heber, with his stamp on front free endpaper; Samuel Ashton Thompson Yates (1842–1903), with his bookplate.
Adams R777; Manning, The emblem p. 206.
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CHERTABLON, M. de.
La maniere de se bien preparer a la mort. Par des considerations sur la Cene, la Passion, et la Mort de Jesus-Christ, avec de très-belles estampes emblematiques.
First edition with the present text. Romeyn de Hooghe’s fine series of engravings were first printed for David de la Vigne’s Miroir de la bonne mort (Amsterdam or Antwerp, 1673). The artist was still working in 1700, but because the plates in this work are unsigned and several are reversed from the earlier versions or have other minor differences, they were most likely copied by another artist.
FIRST STAR ATLAS PICCOLOMINI, Alessandro.
Della sfera del mondo ... divisa in libri quattro ... Delle stelle fisse, libro uno con le sue figure, e con le sue tavole ... Editione tertia.
A collected edition, using the same woodcuts, of two companion works which had earlier appeared independently in 1540. Both are in the vernacular, by which Piccolomini sought to extend scientific knowledge beyond the university confines. The first is his treatise on the sphere of the universe; the second – more significant – is his book on the fixed stars with 48 star maps. ‘This modest book was, in fact, the first printed star atlas. That is, it was the first printed set of maps of the stars, as distinct from simple pictures of the constellations such as illustrated the various editions of Hyginus. Of equal importance was Piccolomini’s pioneer use of letters to identify the stars – a practice later adopted with some modification by Bayer and, through him, by all modern astronomers. At the bottom of each map is a scale of degrees, correct for that particular map. The words ‘PARTE VERSO IL POLO’ on each map indicate the direction of the equatorial pole, and the words ‘VERSO DOVE’ and ‘DONDE,’ meaning ‘toward which’ and ‘from which,’ indicate the direction of daily rotation of the celestial sphere … The star magnitudes 1-4, are well graduated. The most notable stars in each constellation are identified by consecutive Latin letters, ‘A’ representing the most important star (usually the brightest)’ (The Sky Explored, p. 200).
Adams P1108; BL STC Italian p. 514.