DEFEAT FOR THE OTTOMANS

Distinta relatione del glorioso acquisto dell’importante città di Strigonia; ottenuta dall’armi Cristiane nell’Ungheria li 27 Ottobre 1683 contra l’armi Turchesche: con altri ragguagli degli accidenti in questi giorni occorsi.

Venice and Piacenza, Tomaso Zambelli, [1683].

4to, pp. [4]; woodcut crowned, double-headed eagle to title, woodcut initial; light stain to blank upper margin of title; uncut, unbound; very good.

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Distinta relatione del glorioso acquisto dell’importante città di Strigonia; ottenuta dall’armi Cristiane nell’Ungheria li 27 Ottobre 1683 contra l’armi Turchesche: con altri ragguagli degli accidenti in questi giorni occorsi.

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An unrecorded printing of this newsletter reporting on the capture, in October 1683, of Esztergom, in northern Hungary, by the armies of Charles V, Duke of Lorraine, and John III Sobieski, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania. Esztergom was first captured by Suleiman the Magnificent in 1543, and had been in Ottoman hands since 1605.

‘The Turkish grand vizir Kara Mustafa Pasha had failed in dismal fashion in the unforgettable siege of Vienna (from 14 July to 12 September 1683), the Ottoman disaster of the century. In their retreat the Turks were badly defeated on 9 October at Parkány (Štúrovo), and after a brief siege they had to give up Esztergom ... the Turks surrendered Esztergom (on 26 October) with hardly any loss of life which was, nevertheless, another serious setback for Kara Mustafa ... He was strangled at Belgrade on 25 December by order of Sultan Mehmed IV’ (K.M. Setton, Venice, Austria and the Turks in the seventeenth century, p. 271).

The Distinta relatione discusses the military importance of Esztergom, preparations for the attack, the taking of the city and castle, the spoils captured (arms and victuals), the cleaning of the basilica, and the Vizier’s flight to Belgrade.

Not traced on COPAC, OCLC or ICCU. Other 1683 printings are extremely rare.

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