3 vols., 8vo, pp. , xcvi, 143, , ; , 350, , viii, ; , xxxi, , 492, x + errata leaf; with 2 large folding tables and 4 engraved plates; leaves faintly browned with some occasional light staining; still a good copy in contemporary quarter sheep and marbled boards, spines ruled and direct lettered gilt in compartments, lightly rubbed.
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Traité d’Agriculture. Considérée tant en elle même que dans ses rapports d’économie politique. Avec les preuves, tirées de la comparaison de l’Agriculture, du commerce & de la navigation de la France & de l’Angleterre. Principes sur lesquels on doit établir la repartition des impôts & des dépenses publiques, pour encourager la culture & le commerce, dans la situation où la France se trouve ...
First edition, scarce. ‘According to De Fresne (1743-1815), French agriculture was suffering from the undue extent of corn-growing, and an excessive consumption of fodder in large towns ... He advocates the extension of pasture lands, and a more developed production of cattle and consumption of meat (instead of bread)’ (Palgrave). The tables show a detailed comparison of the agricultural production of France and Great Britain.
Musset 1849; Palgrave I, p. 673; OCLC records 3 copies only (Bibliotèque Centrale du Musée National Histoire Naturelle, France; University of Chicago; Princeton University).
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Della ragione di stato, libri dieci. Con tre libri delle cause della grandezza della città ... Di nuouo in questa impressione, mutati alcuni luoghi dall’istesso autore, & accresciuti di diuersi discorsi. Con due tauole ... Venice, Gioliti, 1598.
Aggiunte di Gio. Botero benese. Alla sua ragion di stato, nelle quali si tratta dell’eccellenze de gli antichi capitani, della neutralità, della riputatione, dell’agilità delle forze, della fortificatione. Con vna relatione del mare. Venice, Giovanni Battista Ciotti, 1598.
The second Gioliti edition of Botero’s neglected masterpiece in the history of economics, first published in 1589, bound with the first Venice edition of the Aggiunte. Of the first work, Schumpeter writes: ‘Divested of nonessentials, the “Malthusian” Principle of Population sprang fully developed from the brain of Botero in 1589: populations tend to increase, beyond any assignable limit, to the full extent made possible by human fecundity (the virtus generativa of the Latin translation); the means of subsistence, on the contrary, and the possibilities of increasing them (the virtus nutritiva) are definitely limited and therefore impose a limit on that increase, the only one there is; this limit asserts itself through want, which will induce people to refrain from marrying (Malthus’ negative check, prudential check, “moral restraint”) unless numbers are periodically reduced by wars, pestilence, and so on (Malthus’ positive check). This path-breaking performance – the only performance in the whole history of the theory of population to deserve any credit at all – came much before the time in which its message could have spread: it was practically lost in the populationist wave of the seventeenth century. But about two hundred years after Botero [1540–1617], Malthus really did no more than repeat it, except that he adopted particular mathematical laws for the operation of the virtus generativa and the virtus nutritiva: population was to increase “in geometric ratio or progression”’ (Schumpeter, History of Economic Analysis, pp. 254–5).
VENUSTI, Antonio Maria.
Compendio utilissimo di quelle cose, le quali a nobili e christiani mercanti appartengono.
First edition, containing Discorso d’intorno alla Mercantia and Trattato del Cambio di Lione o di Bisenzone and Trattato de’ Cambi, and including the Italian translation of Saravia de la Calle’s Institutione de’ Mercanti.