4to, pp. [viii], 24, 347,  blank + 2 folding plates; title printed in red and black; very small ink inscription to the fore-edge of the title; a very good, clean copy, uncut in vellum-backed boards.
US $4227 €3759
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Einleitung zu den Oeconomischen Politischen und Cameral-Wissenschaften, worrinen für dieses mal die Oeconomico-Cameralia von den Domainen- oder Cammer- auch andern Gütern, deren Administration und Anschlägen, so wol des Ackerbaues als anderer Pertinentien halber, samt den Regalien angezeiget und erläutert werden. Nebst einem Vorbericht von der Fundation der neuen œconomischen Profession, und des Allerdurchlautigsten Stifters eigentlichen allergnädigsten Absicht.
First edition. Simon Peter Gasser (1676–1745) was appointed by Friedrich Wilhelm I to the first chair of economy to be founded in Prussia, at the University of Halle in 1727, where Gasser had until then been a lecturer in law. The present work, an introduction to the science of cameralism, and dedicated to his patron, the king – ‘great Œconomus, and still greater soldier’ – is his only work of the kind (he published numerous books in Latin on law). It represents an important landmark of cameralism, above all for its commentary on the king’s desire to promote that science as a professional discipline in the universities, as signified by the new chair at Halle. See A. W. Small, The Cameralists, pp. 206–221; Palgrave II, 187; Roscher, Geschichte der Nationale-Oekonomik, pp. 371–6.
Humpert 783; Kress 3799; Stammhammer, p. 32; not in Einaudi or Goldsmiths’; NUC records only three copies (NNC, MH-BA, MiU).
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BRITO, Joaquim José Rodrigues de.
Memorias politicas sobre as verdadeiras bases da grandeza das naçoes, e principalmente de Portugal.
First edition of this landmark in Portuguese philosophical, political and economic thought. Brito was a professor of law at the University of Coimbra and the Memorias is his only published work, written in response to what the author saw as the relative immaturity of the moral and political sciences and the instability of the organisation of society, and intended to provide a standard framework to guarantee order and the regeneration of social institutions. Influenced by the French physiocrats, the author maintains that economic phenomena and mechanisms are subject to specific natural laws and that the role of the political corpus is to reveal the evidence of such laws and transform them into universally respected positive rules. Political economy is, for Brito, the cornerstone of legislative and governmental actions, the ‘shining beacon … that should lead legislators to their lofty destinies’, and the best means of contemplating natural law. Brito goes on to suggest that the sovereign should focus his attention on agriculture as a strategic sector of the economy. While discussing the question of value, Brito was the first Portuguese author to tackle some of the more theoretical parts of the Wealth of Nations. His criticism of Smith, whom he accused of considering labour as the only source of value, drew fire from José da Silva Lisboa, who attacked Brito’s agrarianism and claimed that his physiocratic approach had been superseded by Smith’s masterwork. Brito’s third volume opens with his reply to Lisboa, claiming that Smith was a ‘plagiarist of the physiocrats’.
PRINTED FOR THE PUBLISHER ON GREEN PAPER ROSTAND, Edmond.
Chantecler. Pièce en quatre actes, en vers.
First edition, one of four copies printed on green paper, this copy printed specially for the publisher Eugène Fasquelle, and so designated on the verso of the half-title. The total edition numbered 1000 copies, with a few additional copies printed on yellow, blue, and green paper.