4to., ff. [10, last blank], with woodcut arms of the United Provinces on title; later marbled boards.
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Sententie, uyt-ghesproocken ende ghepronuncieert over Hugo de Groot, ghewesen Pensionaris der Stadt Rotterdam den achthienden May Anno sesthien-hondert neghenthien stilo novo.
One of several editions to appear in the same year, including one in Latin and one in French. In 1618 Grotius and his patron, the Advocate of Holland, Jan van Oldenbarnevelt, had been driven from power by the Stadtholder, Prince Maurice of Orange, who was supported by the Calvinists, bitter opponents of their Arminian sympathies. Tried before a special tribunal, both were found guilty of treason. Oldenbarnevelt was sentenced to death and executed in 1619. Grotius was sentenced to life imprisonment (his sentence is printed in full here) and incarcerated in the castle of Louvestein. He escaped in 1621, concealed in a chest of books with his laundry, and fled to France.
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WHEELER, William (Basil Henry LIDDELL HART, editor).
The letters of Private Wheeler 1809–1828.
First edition. William Wheeler was a private soldier who had transferred into the army (51st Foot) from the Surrey Militia in April 1809. His letters ‘start with the Walcheren expedition, cover the main part of the Peninsular War, and then give his impressions of the Waterloo campaign. I know of no contemporary story by a fighting soldier that equals this in atmosphere and interest’ (foreword).
NAPIER, William Francis Patrick.
English battles and sieges in the Peninsula. Extracted from his ‘Peninsula War’, by Lieut.-Gen. Sir William Napier, K.C.B., etc. etc.
First edition. ‘In this publication, the combats of Roriça, Vimiero, and Coruña, and the character of Sir John Moore, have been entirely recomposed. The other battles and sieges are, with more or less compression of details, transcripts from the History of the Peninsular War. Thus arranged they will perhaps most effectually exhibit the constant energy of the British soldier, and draw attention in their neighbourhoods to the veterans who still survive’ (p. ii).