Portugal and Gallicia, with a review of the social and political state of the Basque Provinces; and a few remarks on recent events in Spain. To which is now subjoined, a reply to the ‘Policy of England towards Spain’ . . . Second edition.

London, John Murray, 1837.

Two vols., 8vo, pp. xx, 326; iv, 452; with an errata slip in vol. I; a very good copy in contemporary calf-backed boards; extremities rubbed, spines faded; from the library of Ian Robertson (1928–2020).

£375

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Portugal and Gallicia, with a review of the social and political state of the Basque Provinces; and a few remarks on recent events in Spain. To which is now subjoined, a reply to the ‘Policy of England towards Spain’ . . . Second edition.

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Second, expanded, edition; first published the previous year. Carnarvon (or, as he then was, Viscount Porchester) visited Spain and Portugal in July 1827. ‘His companion on the voyage out to Lisbon had been Sir Arthur de Capell Brooke, who was on his way to Cádiz en route to North Africa . . . . After three weeks in Lisbon, Porchester rode north to Oporto and crossed the Miño at Tuy. From Vigo, with its ría sparkling in the sun, he entered Pontevedra in drenching rain. Hence – although the landlord’s daughter was pretty and not disinclined to a little flirtation – he pressed on to Santiago’ (Robertson). After taking in La Coruña, where he visited the battlefield of 1809, Porchester crossed to El Ferrol and then ‘rode inland to Lugo, where he was arrested in the middle of the night on obscure “political grounds”, and to his great personal inconvenience and irritation was sent back under escort to Santiago. Instead of visiting Orense as had been his plan, all he saw was the interior of a number of horrid ventas, which he had always tried to avoid’ (ibid.). The Secretary of Police at Santiago set Porchester at liberty, but the following morning he was arrested again and subjected to a farcical cross-examination during which he had to refute allegations that he was a Spanish Liberal agent acting in concert with Spanish Constitutional refugees in Portugal. He returned to Portugal shortly afterwards.

‘An intelligent observer and an excellent linguist, Carnarvon was attracted by Spanish history and literature, and in 1825 published The Moor, a poem in six cantos, and in 1828 Don Pedro, King of Castile, a tragedy, which was successfully produced at Drury Lane during his absence abroad, on 10 March 1828, when Macready and Ellen Tree filled the chief parts. On returning home he published the results of his observations in The last days of the Portuguese constitution (1830), and in Portugal and Gallicia ([1836])’ (Oxford DNB).

The first edition of Herbert’s work, which justified the Carlist War as a product of Basque protection of their fueros, had elicited ‘an anonymous rejoinder, attributed to Henry Southern and Sir George Villiers, The policy of England towards Spain’, which ‘produced a vigorous response from Lord Carnarvon, which he appended to the second edition of Portugal and Gallicia (1837). Several other skirmishers entered this paper war, waged far from the Peninsula, where a far more sanguinary struggle was then taking place’ (Robertson).

Provenance: David Kedgwin Webley-Parry (1833–1870) of Noyadd Trefawr, Cardiganshire, with bookplates.

Alberich 1027n; Palau 113197n. See Robertson, Los curiosos impertinentes (1992) pp. 111–3.

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