Two vols, small 8vo, pp. , 542 + engraved frontispiece; , 484; small inkstamps on versos of title-pages; ownership stamp ‘F’ and some soiling to the title in vol. II; light browning and offsetting throughout, more so to the final few leaves in vol. I, but still a good copy in recent marbled boards.
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Die glückliche Nation, oder der Staat von Felizien. Ein Muster der vollkommensten Freyheit unter der unbedingten Herrschaft der Gesetze. Aus dem Französischen. Erster [– Zweiter] Theil.
First edition in German, originally published as L’Heureuse Nation, ou Relation du gouvernement des Féliciens, peuple souverainement libre et heureux sous l’empire absolu des lois in 1792. Le Mercier de la Rivière (1720–1793/4) was a colleague of Quesnay and Mirabeau, whose physiocratic views he shared. This utopia, according to Daire, is a variation of the material in Le Mercier’s Théorie du despotisme légal and De l’Ordre naturel et essentiel des sociétés politiques.
The present German translation is extremely rare: KVK locates the Wolfenbüttel copy only, and there is no copy in NUC, OCLC or RLIN, Einaudi, Goldsmiths’ or Kress; for the first edition of 1792, see Einaudi 3304, INED 2790, Negley, Utopian Literature, 774, and Quérard V, 140.
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[ANDRE, Pierre, fils d’un bon laboreur (pseud.)].
L’ami du peuple Français, ou mémoire adressé à M. Turgot, contrôleur des finances, par le fils d’un laboureur.
First edition thus, rare, of an attack on the French tax system published on the eve of Turgot’s demise. Set out as a narrative, this work outlines the family history of the author as a tale of hard work, of strife against the injustice and abuse of tax collectors, progressive failure to meet impossible demands from thriving tax farmers, jail and confiscation, and ultimately ruin. Through his exemplary story the author calls out to Turgot for a radical reform. He details the French fiscal set-up describing taxes, the severely uneven distribution of their impact, and the cruelty of a system which appears solely to serve the interest of the tax collectors, to the detriment of both crown and people. This appears to be the reprint of a part of a work sometimes attributed to Turgot himself (Quérard): Sur les finances, ouvrage posthume de Pierre André ****** fils d’un bon laboureur.
POETRY AT THE RUSSELL-SARTRE TRIBUNALSIGNED BY SARTRE AND DE BEAUVOIR [SARTRE, Jean Paul].
First edition, numbered 27 of 100 copies. The anthology was published by the Copenhagen office of the International Tribunal on War Crimes, in connection with the second session held in Roskilde in 1967. The tribunal was organised by Bertrand Russell and hosted by Sartre. De Beauvoir was a member of the tribunal along with other eminent human rights activists, politicians and scholars, including three Nobel Prize winners.