ALCALÁ-PRINTED REGIMEN SANITATIS

Libro llamado El porque provechosissimo para la conservacion de la salud, y para conocer la phisonomia, y las virtudes de las yervas.  Traduzido de toscano en lengua castellana. 

Alcalá de Henares, Juan Iñiguez de Lequerica, 1587 [colophon: Hernan Ramirez, 1589]. 

Small 8vo, ff. [viii], ‘206’ (recte 197), [14]; woodcut IHS monogram on title; paper flaws in two leaves (K3, with loss of catch-word only, and P2, a large flaw resulting in the loss of several words across seven lines), small burnhole in one leaf (G6, not affecting legibility), ¶2 shaved at head affecting three words on uppermost line of recto; early nineteenth-century Spanish marbled sheep, flat spine simply gilt and with red morocco lettering-piece (faded), later arms of William Stuart blocked in gilt to boards; extremities slightly rubbed, short cracks at head of joints.

£1250

Approximately:
US $1623€1486

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Libro llamado El porque provechosissimo para la conservacion de la salud, y para conocer la phisonomia, y las virtudes de las yervas.  Traduzido de toscano en lengua castellana. 

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Extremely rare early edition of Pedro de Ribas’s Spanish translation of Girolamo Manfredi’s popular Liber de Homine, first published in 1567. 

Girolamo Manfredi (c. 1430–1493) was born in Bologna and taught first logic and then medicine, astronomy, and astrology at the university there.  His Liber de homine or Il perché, written in the vernacular and first printed in 1474, is in part based on the Aristotelian Problemata and comprises a regimen sanitatis together with a treatise on physiognomy, all in question-and-answer form.  Owing apparently to prudishness, Pedro de Ribas omits seventy-four of Manfredi’s 568 questions and answers in his translation but adds explanatory remarks in simple language at the end of more complex responses. 

Provenance: Thomas Gaisford (1779–1855), classical scholar, Dean of Christ Church Oxford, curator of the Bodleian Library, and delegate of the Clarendon Press, with bookplate; William Stuart (1798–1874; see History of Parliament online), with his arms on covers (British Armorial Bindings Stamp 1). 

All early editions are rare.  Besides a handful in Spain and Portugal, Abad records copies of our edition at Boston Public Library and the Wellcome Library only.  OCLC records two copies of the 1567 edition (Biblioteca Nacional and Dresden), no copies of the subsequent 1579 editions (there were apparently two although Palau had seen only one of them), and two copies of the 1581 edition (Harvard and National Library of Medicine). 

Abad, La imprenta en Alcalá de Henares 998; Palau 137929n and 266617. 

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