8vo., pp. , lx, 396; title-page dusty, paper laid to down to verso to obscure several early ownership inscriptions; early half calf, rubbed, later spine label; presentation inscription from J. Massey to Airedale College Library (bookplate, later library stamp of Nazarene College).
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Practical Sermons, by the late Rev. Joseph Milner, M. A. Master of the Grammar School, and Vicar of the Holy Trinity Church, in Kingston upon Hull. To which is prefixed an Account of the Life and Character of the Author …
First edition, rare, collecting 21 sermons with a biography of Milner (1745-1797), headmaster of Hull Grammar School and church historian. Milner was largely responsible for a revival in fortune of the Grammar School, where he took charge in 1767. As a clergyman he leaned towards a moderate Calvinism with Methodist influence, and helped established Hull as a major centre for Evangelicalism by the end of the century. The living of Holy Trinity came to him shortly before his death, at the persuasion of William Wilberforce.
ESTC and COPAC show two copies only: York Minster and Lampeter. A second edition followed in 1801, and several further editions and additional volumes appeared 1809-1830.
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UNEXPECTED INFLUENCE OF HOBBES GRAILE, John.
Three Sermons preached at the Cathedral in Norwich. And a fourth at a parochial Church in Norfolk. Humbly recommending, I. True Reformation of our Selves. II. Pious Reverence towards God and the King. III. Just Abhorrence of usurping Republicans, and IV. Due Affection to the Monarchy.
First and only edition, rare. The third of these four sermons was delivered on the anniversary of Charles I’s execution, 30 January 1684, drawing on the Proverb: ‘For the transgression of a land, many are the princes there’, in which the plurality of leaders is shown to be the ‘constant mischief’ of republicanism. Graile draws on Hobbes’s Leviathan in his treatment of the state, which without a single sovereign is a diseased and wounded body, the ‘body politick’ of which King Charles was ‘the very soul’, and which had been given over to ‘the very multitude and general crowd, in the whole body of the people: the head and the feet, the brains and the heels, the honourable, the wise, the sober, and all the base and blind and boisterous rabble, having their share in the government’. Condemning the recent Rye House Plot, Graile warns of fresh attempts at ‘dissolving the ligaments of the monarchy’. The clerical use of such obviously Hobbesian metaphors is doubly interesting: firstly for the ambiguity of Leviathan – the dual monarchism and anti-Church, ‘atheistic’ stance for which it had so recently being condemned, Oxford University having burned Leviathan in the quadrangle in 1683 – and secondly for the extreme difficulty of procuring a copy in the 1680s, when the second-hand price had risen to thirty shillings (Parkin, “The Reception of Hobbes’s Leviathan” in The Cambridge Companion to Leviathan, 2007, pp. 449-452).
PRESENTED BY THE AUTHOR BIANCHINI, Giuseppe.
Enarratio pseudo-Athanasiana in symbolum ante hac inedita, et Vigilii Tapsitani de Trinitate ad Theophilum liber VI nunc primum genuinus … Accedit symbolum Nicaenum, cum Symmachi papae vita …
First edition, presented by the author, of this scarce work on the Apostles’ Creed by the Veronese Oratorian, Biblical and liturgical scholar, and librarian Giuseppe Bianchini (1704–1764), with a delightful frontispiece depicting the city of Verona.