Germany, c. 1170.
US $834 €757
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the Canon of the Mass; a fragment of a bifolium (a single leaf preserving a small section only of the conjoint leaf), single columns written in dark brown ink in a tall late romanesque bookhand, 21 lines remaining, ruled in ink, four two-line initials on verso alternately in blue and red with contrasting penwork (two being monograms of ‘V’ and ‘D’ for 'Vere dignum'), one five-line and one six-line initial on verso with red penwork in a leafy design, rubrics; recovered from use in a binding and with consequent creasing and staining, trimmed with loss of several lines at foot, verso soiled and worn. 218 x 191 mm
At the end of the first line on the recto is the rubric ‘infra actionem’, immediately before the prayer ‘Communicantes et diem sacratissimam celebrantes’. The expression ‘infra actionem’ originally referred to a variable formula to be inserted within the fixed text on special occasions, and signified that the following text was to be inserted ‘within the action’. Thus it is probable that the prayer ‘Communicantes’ was not originally a fixed part of the Canon but was inserted on special feasts. Gradually it was transformed into a permanent fixture, with some variant formulas on special feasts.
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the opening of the Canon of the Mass; a complete leaf, 18 lines, written in a fine gothic liturgical script, dark brown ink, ruled lightly with ink, capitals touched with red, rubrics, initials in red and blue, large (five-line) initial ‘T’ (Te igitur) in a stylized leafy design in blue within a pink and green frame and against a burnished and tooled gold ground with leafy and floral extensions in two margins; recovered from use as a binding, with consequent soiling and creasing, burnished gold rubbed and slightly flaked, margins and corners trimmed. 375 x 240mm (276 x 184mm).
Southern German style illumination of a type that seems to have spread well beyond the borders of the German-speaking lands: compare, for instance, the opening of the Canon of the Mass in a Missal supposedly prepared in the diocese of Esztergom c. 1480 for a church in Poszony (Esztergom, FK MS I.20, fol. 67r; see I. Berkovits, Illuminated manuscripts in Hungary, 1969, p. 58 and pl. XXIII).
[KRAG, Niels, editor.]
NICOLAUS, of Damascus. Ex Nicolai Damasceni universali historia seu de moribus gentium libris excepta Iohannis Stobaei collectanea, quae Nicolaus Cragius latina fecit, et seorsum edidit.
First edition thus. Comprises observations on the customs of different peoples (Iberians, Celts, Phrygians, Assyrians, Spartans and so on) from the Augustan historian Nicolaus of Damascus’ Universal history, only fragments of which have come down to us (in this case via Stobaeus). The text is printed here in the original Greek together with a Latin translation by the Danish historian and philologist Niels Krag (or Cragius, c. 1550–1602).