CASTIGLIONE, Giacomo. Trattato dell’inondatione del Tevere ... dove si discorre delle caggioni, e rimedij suoi, e si dichiarano alcune antichità, e luoghi di autori vecchi. Con una relatione del diluuio di Roma del 1598 ... E con un modo stupendo col quale si saluarono molte famiglie in Castel Sa[n]t’Angelo. Novamente posto in luce. Rome, Guglielmo Facciotto for Giovanni Martinelli, 1599.
Two works in one vol., 8vo, ff. 60 (numerous errors in foliation); pp. [viii], 72, [2 blank]; first work in italic, woodcut devices to titles, woodcut initials; first work with title somewhat browned and spotted with small loss to blank upper outer corner (not touching text) and a few other marginal chips, some browning and spotting elsewhere, small worm tracks to inner blank margins of first quire, a little worm tracking at head of ff. 41-59 touching some letters; second work with light damp staining to blank lower margins; otherwise very good copies in 18th-century carta rustica, titles inked to spine; a little worm tracking to endpapers, a few marks; inscription of Lorenzo Pignoria to front free endpaper; an attractive volume.
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Il Tevere ... doue si raggiona in generale della natura di tutte le acque, et in particolare di quella del fiume di Roma.
Rare first editions of two works on the river Tiber and the health implications of the quality of its water and of its regular flooding. A physician and follower of Filippo Neri, Modio (d. 1560) was moved to write Il Tevere by the regular flooding of the Tiber and subsequent sanitary crises in Rome (during which he fell gravely ill and was lucky to survive). Arguing against the findings of Alessandro Petronio in his De aqua Tiberina (1552), Modio demonstrates that the water of the Tiber was far from healthy and should not be drunk. Hippocrates had early established the importance of water-supply to health, and one of the chief glories of ancient Rome had been its water, and Modio here appeals to cardinal Ranuccio Farnese to push for the restoration of the city’s ancient aqueducts.
Castiglione’s rare Trattato links the flooding of the Tiber with plague and famine, describes the disastrous flood of 1598 (the worst in Rome’s history), suggests solutions to the city’s long-standing flooding problem, and lists thirty six historic Roman floods, starting from the time of Romulus.
I: BL STC Italian p. 443; EDIT16 CNCE 35846; not in Adams. II: BL STC Italian p. 157; EDIT16 CNCE 10113; not in Adams; only copies at the British Library and Oxford recorded on COPAC; no US copies on Worldcat.
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