4to, pp. ; two capital spaces completed in red ink, red paragraph marks, capitals highlighted in red, incipit and explicit underlined in red; a few small light marks to last page, otherwise a very clean and crisp copy; modern light brown half calf over lighter orange brown cloth boards, spine with gilt-lettered red morocco label, place and date direct gilt lettered to foot, sprinkled edges, 66 blank leaves following the text; a little early underlining and marginal marking in ink, early inscription to blank recto of last leaf (‘valete in pace et in Christo dno nostro’), bookplate of Ken Tomkinson (loose).
US $4593 €3914
Very rare first edition of Odo’s twelfth-century treatise on the canon of the Mass, printed ‘in domo regalis collegii nauarre in campo gaillardi’ by Guy Marchant. Seven further editions appeared before 1500, including four more by Marchant. This copy has the misprint ‘dnomino’ in the title, noted by Hain.
Odo (?1060-1113, also known as Odo of Tournai) was a philosopher and theologian, and a teacher of great repute, who served as abbot of St Martin’s, Tournai, and later as bishop of Cambrai. His Expositio is a careful analysis of the canon of the Mass and of much interest on Eucharistic presence and Eucharistic sacrifice. Odo is clear that at the moment of consecration the elements become the body and blood of Christ, and there are important passages in connection with prayers in the Mass making supplication that the offering be accepted like those of Abel, Abraham, and Melchizedek, and be borne to the altar on high. Odo is also known for his treatise on original sin, De peccato originali, and for his Disputatio contra Judaeum.
Provenance: sold at Sotheby’s, London, 8 October 1968 (lot 378), and purchased by Ken Tomkinson (1918-85). Loosely inserted is a typescript letter from Tomkinson to Lord John Kerr at Sotheby’s confirming his bids for this auction, and Sotheby’s invoice for £80 8/- for this work.
BMC VIII 58 (lacking the last leaf); BSB-Ink O-3; HC 11959*; ISTC io00023400. ISTC records only 10 copies (only the British Library copy in the UK, and none in the US).
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SOUTHEY’S COPY, WITH A LONG NOTE POCKLINGTON, John.
Altare Christianum: or, the dead Vicar’s Plea. Wherein the Vicar of Gr. being dead, yet speaketh, and pleadeth out of Antiquity, against him that hath broken downe his Altar. Presented, and humbly submitted to the consideration of his Superiours, the Governours of our Church.
First edition, from the library of Robert Southey, with an ownership inscription an eleven-line note in his distinctive diminutive hand.
GREGORY I, Pope (c. 540-604), (Gregory the Great).
Liber cure pastoralis divi Gregorii pape: in sole aureo vici Sorbonici Parrhisiis venalis habetur.
The Regula Pastoralis is Gregory’s set of instructions on the office and duties of the bishop, whom he regarded as a shepherd of souls. It is the key to Gregory’s life as pope, for what he preached he also practised. ‘In all likelihood he intended his Regula to be for the secular clergy what the Regula of Benedict was for the monastic’ (W. G. Rusch). It circulated throughout the whole of western Europe and was translated into English by King Alfred.