8vo, pp. viii, 387, with 12 engraved plates; 85 illustrations in the text; half-title very lightly dust-soiled and spotted, but a very good copy; in contemporary half calf with cloth sides, spine gilt in compartments with gilt red morocco lettering-piece; extremities rubbed and a little scuffed, headcap minimally chipped.
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Études sur la bière, ses maladies, causes qui les provoquent, procédé pour la rendre inaltérable, avec une théorie nouvelle de la fermentation.
First edition. In his Études sur la bière, Pasteur ‘described a new and perfected method of preparing pure yeast [and] emphasized that yeast occasionally required small quantities of oxygen in order to retain its “youth” and its capacity to germinate in oxygen-free environments. Having now achieved a new appreciation for the importance of oxygen in brewing, and especially the advantages of aerated wort, he insisted only that air should be carefully limited and freed of foreign germs rather than entirely eliminated’ (DSB).
‘This is not, strictly speaking, a practical work on brewing, but it contains a large number of detailed researches on many points which have become fundamental in the science of bacteriology, such as the absence of germs in the normal fluids of the body, and of fruits, the question of the transformation of one bacterial and fungal species into another, the purification of commercial yeasts, and it is only at the end that there are practical methods for the manufacture of beer. The book is also remarkable for containing Pasteur’s mature view on the subject of the nature of fermentative processes in general. In his opinion fermentation was essentially the result of life without oxygen’ (Bulloch, The History of Bacteriology, p. 62).
Provenance: James A. Panton, with his ownership inscription on front flyleaf; his son the distinguished clinical pathologist Sir Phillip Noel Panton (1877–1950), with a loosely inserted autograph letter in his hand dated 11 September 1929 presenting the book to one ‘Bulloch’, doubtless the eminent bacteriologist and pathologist William Bulloch (1868–1941), author of The History of Bacteriology (1938), quoted above.
Duveen p. 461; Norman 1658.
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COLOURED PANORAMA FARINGTON, Susan Maria (illustrator).
The 104th Psalm. Illustrated by Susan Maria Ffarington. Worden.
The Faringtons or Ffaringtons were an ancient family of Worden Hall, Leyland, Lancashire, with a substantial family archive. Susan Maria (1808–1894) edited The Farington Papers for the Chetham Society in 1856, and made other contributions to local history, but this unusual panorama seems to have been her only foray into illustration. Psalm 104 lent itself to some striking landscape plates: horses and oxen (‘He sendeth the springs into the valleys, which run among the hills. They give drink to every beast of the field’); cedars of Lebanon (‘The trees of the Lord are full of sap; the cedars of Lebanon which he hath planted’); mountain scenery (‘The high hills are a refuge for the wild goats and the rocks for the conies’); sunset and daybreak; and three volcanoes (‘He toucheth the hills and they smoke’).