4to, ff. ; woodcut of angel holding an escutcheon and two small medallion portraits to title, three woodcut medallion portraits to title verso (pope, emperor, philosopher), woodcut square of opposition diagram to f. r, woodcut printer's device to f. r; in Gothic type, 28 lines per page, capital spaces, two 4-line, five 3-line and four 2-line initials supplied in red; small wormhole to blank lower margins, light damp stain to upper margins, title and final blank page slightly marked; very good in modern drab boards; inscription 'Monasterij Mellicensis L. 57' at head of title.
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Incipit. Textus parvuli logice una cum brevi et perutili repeticione eiusdem. Laus deo.
Rare incunable edition of this popular introduction to logic, known as the Parvulus logicae, by the schoolmaster Petrus Gerticz of Dresden (d. 1421/25), based on the logical writings of Petrus Hispanus and Paulus Venetus. The first edition was printed in Leipzig c. 1486-89.
Petrus Gerticz studied at the University of Prague before being forced to leave with other German students following the 1409 Decree of Kuttenberg. He settled in Dresden where he taught theology and canon law at the Kreuzschule. Suspected of Wyclifite heresy he was expelled around 1412 and returned to Prague, where he founded a new elementary school. Influential in introducing the Hussite practice of communion sub utraque (i.e. administering both bread and wine during the celebration of the Eucharist), Petrus was apprehended by the Inquisition in Regensberg and burned at the stake in 1421/25. In addition to this work, he also authored the Parvulus philosophiae naturalis.
The Nuremberg printer Friedrich Creussner issued c. 180 printed works between 1470 and 1499, including the editiones principes of Marco Polo's travels in German and Tacitus' Germania. This was Creussner's only edition of the Parvulus logicae. Attractively printed in Gothic type, it features a handsome title woodcut attributed to the Nuremberg painter and printmaker Michael Wolgemut, striking woodcut medallions depicting a pope, emperor and philosopher, and a woodcut square of opposition.
Provenance: formerly in the famous library of the Benedictine abbey of Melk, in Austria.
BMC II 455; Goff P126; ISTC ig00277500 (recording 12 copies, of which 1 in the UK, at the BL, and 3 in the US).
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