The reports on the present state of the United Provinces of South America; drawn up by Messrs. Rodney and Graham, commissioners sent to Buenos Ayres by the government of North America, and laid before the Congress of the United States; with their accompanying documents; occasional notes by the editor; and an introductory discourse, intended to present, with the reports and documents, a view of the present state of the country, and of the progress of the Independents.

London, Baldwin, Cradock & Joy, 1819.

8vo (215 x 130 mm), pp. viii, [3]–358, with a folding coloured map (offset onto title); pp. 337–352 bound before p. 289; original boards, paper label on spine; lower joint split, upper cover re-attached; the Holland House copy, with bookplates; preserved in a modern brown buckram box.


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First edition. ‘After James Monroe became president Rodney began to play a role in foreign affairs, as the negotiator, for instance, with the delegate from Brazilian revolutionaries. In 1817–1818 he went to South America as one of three commissioners to examine the state of the new governments there. Rodney’s report on conditions in the Argentine provinces was the most favorable of the three reports submitted. His opinion that the new government had made as much progress as could reasonably be expected encouraged the administration to recognize its independence’ (ANB). ‘Graham . . . was a public servant who enjoyed the confidence of President Jefferson. Named minister plenipotentiary to Portugal (but to reside in Brazil) he spent less than a year in Rio de Janeiro where the climate had an adverse effect on his health. The third commissioner was Theodorick Bland’ (Naylor).

The library of Holland House, to which this book once belonged, was largely formed by Henry Richard Vassall Fox, Baron Holland (1773–1840). ‘An ardent Hispanophile, Holland assembled an extensive Spanish library’ (Oxford DNB) and was a leading Whig advocate of liberalism in government and international politics.

Naylor 41; Palau 272105; Sabin 72494.


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