8vo, pp. 178, ; ink-stain to pp. 36 and 45 (prior to binding), but a very good copy in the original boards, printed in blue and black, paper spine; ownership inscription on front free endpaper.
US $279 €226
First edition of a collection of eight short stories by the increasingly dissident Zamyatin, including ‘Iks’ [‘X’] and ‘Rasskaz o samom glavnom’ (‘Tale of the most essential thing’), ‘the single most important work of Zamjatin’s transitional period’ (Shane). ‘Iks’ tells the story of a deacon who joins the Bolsheviks – in love with a pretty girl called Martha, he is torn between Marxism and ‘Marthism’; the extraordinary ‘Rasskaz o samom glavnom’ depicts three worlds: that of a yellow-pink caterpillar Rhopolocera, that of peasants fighting on opposite sides of the Revolution, and that of a distant dying star.
‘During the 1920s Zamyatin developed a deceptively simple, unobtrusive style based on the conversational literary language in a series of anecdotal novellas where literary parody joined gentle irony in depicting human frailty in accommodating to the new Soviet environment’ (Terras). Despite his high literary standing, Zamyatin drew increasing censure from Soviet critics, and the publication of his dystopian novel My (‘We’) abroad in 1929 occassioned his arrest, and the removal of his books from libraries. He went into exile in 1931.
Alex Shane, ‘Zamjatin’s prose fiction’, The Slavic and East European Journal, 12:1 (1968).
You may also be interested in...
Brot und Wein, Roman.
First edition of Silone’s Pane e vino, published in German translation in Switzerland where Silone was in exile. The first edition in Italian was published in Switzerland in 1937 (see next item), and the first edition printed in Italy in 1955.
SEL’VINSKII, Il’ia Lvovich.
Ulialaevshchina: epopeia [The Ulialaev uprising: an epic].
Fourth edition (first, 1927) of Sel’vinskii’s first and most successful verse epic. Ulialaevshchina describes the fortunes of a kulak, Ulialaev, ‘who seized an estate from its pre-Revolutionary owner and was later defeated in an anarchist rebellion by the Red Army. Selvinsky’s depictions are folkloric. The hero’s wife, first taken from the landowner, is brutally murdered, her corpse dragged by a horse, and her head impaled on a spear by the Red commander. Ulialaev himself is shot and decapitated. In the 1950s this tale had to be rewritten, and its hero became Lenin’ (Evelyn Bristol, A History of Russian Poetry, OUP, 1991, p. 255).