Human Sciences

Contact Barbara Scalvini or Jonathan Harrison

Human Sciences at Quaritch embraces a wide range of books and manuscripts documenting the history of ideas from the earliest times up to about 1960. Our strengths are in the history of economic thought and in philosophy, but we also deal in law; finance and banking (including speculation, actuarial science and insurance); politics and political theory; sociology; psychology; agriculture; education; logic; and the theory of language.

Some notable items which have recently passed through our hands include the only known copy of the Communist Manifesto inscribed by Karl Marx, Rudolf Carnap’s annotated copy of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus (Logisch-philosophische Abhandlung), Joseph Penso de la Vega’s Confusion de Confusiones (1688, the first book to describe the practice of a stock-exchange) and a copy of Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations (4th edition, 1786), inscribed in Smith's own hand to Bonnie Prince Charlie's private secretary.

As well as dealing in individual books and manuscripts, we also offer collections. In recent years we have sold author collections of Friedrich Nietzsche, Bertrand Russell, Thorstein Veblen, Emile Durkheim and Jeremy Bentham. Among subject collections we have offered are the Herwood Library of accounting literature (including Pacioli's Summa de Arithmetica, 1494, the first printed exposition of double-entry book-keeping); the philosophy of language; texts pertaining to the theory and study of language in the West, and the history of probability - the calculus of probabilities, statistics and their applications.

  1. KAUTSKY, Karl.

    O istocie klasowości.

    [Krakow, People’s Printers] for “Proletaryat”, no date [1903].

    Rare first edition in Polish of Kautsky’s Klasseninteresse – Sonderinteresse – Gemeininteresse, first published in vol. XXI (numbers 34 and 35, 1902-03) of the leading German theoretical periodical Die Neue Zeit. The article, written as a refutation of Bernstein’s revisionism, discusses the antagonistic...


  2. KLEIN, J.

    Religia i rewolucya socyalno-demokratyczna w pytaniach i odpowiedziach wyjętych z pism i orzeczeń wybitnych przewodników...

    Poznan, Wojciech, 1908.

    Extremely rare second edition in Polish of this popular socialist catechism, printed in Prussian-occupied Poznan, and translated by the author himself. The first Polish edition had appeared in 1906, the original German in 1903 under the Title Katechismus der sozialdemokratischen Religion. The answers...


  3. LAMAN, Paulus.

    Anleiding tot de eerste beginselen der Groninger regts-kunde.

    [Holland, mid-18th century].

    A neat manuscript copy of an anonymous handbook on the rudiments of jurisprudence particular to Groningen, attributed to Paulus Laman (1663-1747). Having studied philosophy and law, Laman became an advocate, judge and burgomaster at Groningen. The Anleiding first appeared in print in 1738, published...


  4. LA SALLE, Antoine.

    La balance naturelle, ou essai sur une loi universelle appliquée aux sciences, arts et métiers, et aux moindres...

    London [Paris], [

    First edition. A long essay presenting the doctrine of compensation of the contraries as universal law to world understanding. Despite not dealing with new ideas, the book is striking for his author’s enthusiastic, even fitfully naïve approach to the subject. In the preface La Salle states that this...


  5. LEVI, Leone.

    Manual of the mercantile law of Great Britain and Ireland: comprising[:] international commerce. Restraints on trade:...

    London, Smith, Elder & Co., 1854.

    First edition. ‘The present volume contains the laws which affect international commerce, individuals who exercise the mercantile profession, partnerships and companies formed for commercial or banking operations, and the most useful of all mercantile instruments, bills of exchange and promissory notes’...


  6. LIEBER, Francis.

    Autograph letter in French, signed ‘François Lieber’, to Joseph Bonaparte, comte de Survilliers, Napoleon’s...

    Columbia, South Carolina, 9 May 1836.

    The German-American political scientist Francis Lieber (1800–1872) was a prolific theorist of political ethics and jurisprudence. He emigrated to Boston in 1827, where he impressed John Quincy Adams, and became Tocqueville’s principal informant for Democracy in America (1835–40). In 1835 he was...


  7. LINGUET, Simon-Nicolas-Henri (1736-1794), French journalist and lawyer.

    Autograph letter signed (‘Linguet’) to the Parisian...

    Brussels, 29 April 1787.

    An interesting letter from Linguet, one of the founders of political journalism who crossed swords with the philosophes, economists, politicians, and slavery abolitionists. Exiled on numerous occasions and imprisoned in the Bastille, he was guillotined in 1794.


  8. LOCKE, John.

    Johan Lockes oförgripelige tankar om werldslig regerings rätta ursprung/gräntsor och ändamål.

    Stockholm, Kongl. Tryckeriet, 1726.

    First edition in Swedish. The first translation into Swedish of Locke’s Two Treatises of Government, this edition – of the Second treatise – was translated, following order of the Swedish Ricksdag, by Hans Harmens from Mazel’s 1691 French edition. It was only the second time that any of Locke’s...


  9. LUNACHARSKI, Anatoli Vasilyevich.

    Lenin (Ocherki).

    Moscow, “Krasnaia Nov”, 1924.

    Rare first edition of this assembly of three speeches by the Marxist philosopher, playwright, literary critic and the first Soviet people’s commissar for education. The first was given at Lenin’s funeral, the second speech is on Lenin and the youth, the last on Lenin and art. Unlike other Bolsheviks...


  10. MACHIAVELLI, Niccolò.

    De historische en politique werken.

    's Gravenhage, Boucquet, 1703-1705.

    Rare first edition in Dutch of Machiavelli’s complete works, preserved in all its five parts. The set includes the Historie van Florence (1703, translation of the Istorie fiorentine, two parts), De Prins (1705, the first appearance of a new translation of the Prince, after that of 1615 made by Adam...



    Magna Charta: or, the Great Charter of King John; to which are added, the Declaration of the Estates of the Kingdom...

    Glasgow: Printed by E. Miller. Sold by James Duncan, Junr. James Steel, and Walter Duncan, Booksellers. [c. 1810]

    First edition thus, rare. COPAC and OCLC show Glasgow only.


  12. MARCHESINI, Marcello.

    Saggio d’economia politica; o sia, Riflessioni sullo spirito della legislazione relativamente all’agricoltura,...

    Napoli, V. Orsini, 1793.

    Very rare first and only edition of a book on economic and social policy by Marcello Marchesini, a scholar from Istria who, having been trained in Venice, took the chair of Political Economy in Naples after Genovesi. Marchesini declares in the title that his book should be regarded as a ‘Spirit of...


  13. MARLO, Karl [pseudonym of Karl Georg WINKELBLECH].

    Untersuchungen über die Organisation der Arbeit oder System der Weltökonomie …...

    First complete edition of Winkelblech’s principal work, first published in 1850–9, which has been hailed as ‘one of the ablest statements of German socialism’ (Encyclopedia of Social Reform, p. 1395). It remained unfinished at the author’s death, and it was the praise of Schäffle in his Kapitalismus...


  14. MARSHALL, Alfred.

    Official papers.

    London, Macmillan for the Royal Economic Society, 1926.

    First collected edition of all the written memoranda and oral evidence Marshall prepared on economic questions for government departments and official enquiries, with the exception of his work on the Labour Commission. The collection was edited by Keynes, who provides a preface: ‘generally speaking,...


  15. MARSH, George.

    The earth as modified by human action.

    New York, Scribner, Amstrong, 1874.

    First edition thus (a previous version had been published ten years earlier under the title Man and Nature) of the first modern discussion of ecology and environmental issues. This copy bears several authorial manuscript corrections. A revised edition was posthumously published in 1885.


  16. MARX, Karl.

    W kwestii Żydowskiej.

    Warsaw, [“Monografia”] for Instytut Wydawniczy “Renaissance”, 1938.

    First edition to be printed in Poland, the second in Polish (first, London, 1896) of Marx’s controversial article Zur Judenfrage (On the Jewish Question), which appeared first in 1844 in the Deutsch-Französische Jahrbücher.


  17. MARX, Karl.

    Liberali i Vlasti.

    St. Petersburg, Znanie, 1906.

    First Russian collected edition of this collection of articles from the Neue Rheinische Zeitung, translated from the German by Andrei Radzishevsky, edited and with a foreword by A. Lunacharsky, published as number 272 in the ‘Cheap Library’ series of the ‘Znanie’ press. .


  18. MARX, Karl and Friedrich ENGELS.

    Sobranie istoricheskikh rabot’.

    St Petersburg, S. Skirmunt, 1906.

    First edition thus, a Russian collected edition of three works, Class War in France 1848-1850; The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte and Engels’ Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Germany. The works are translated from the original German, and edited by V. Bazarov and I. Stepanov. The collection...


  19. [MAYNARD, Sir John, 1ST Lord Somers].

    A guide to English juries setting forth their antiquity, power, and duty, from the common-law,...

    London, Thomas Cockerill, 1682.

    First edition, second issue of this work, usually assigned to Sir John Maynard, 1st Lord Somers (1651-1716) who wrote a number of pamphlets, which together with other material from his library are now known collectively as the Somers Tracts. Somers was called to the Bar in 1676 and later served as Solicitor-General...


  20. MENDELSSOHN, Moses.

    Jerusalem oder über religiöse Macht und Judenthum.

    Frankfurt and Leipzig, n. p., 1787.

    First posthumous edition, originally published in 1783 by Friedrich Maurer in Berlin, of this later work by Mendelssohn (1729–1786), in which he supports religious and political toleration, and advocates separation of church and state and civil equality for Jews. The work was reprinted as recently as 2001.