Small 8vo., 160 leaves, unpaginated; a few scribbles on the title-page, some worming to lower blank margin at the beginning and in sheets N-O, torn corners C1 and K2 without loss, short tears just entering text on H1 and M1-2 without loss, and a few short marginal tears; an unsophisticated copy in original unlettered sheep, slightly shaken, corners worn and some erosion to leather on covers; later ownership inscription of John Baghott de la Bere of Trinity College Oxford, 1754.
US $802 €679
Sixteenth edition of the most popular character book of the early seventeenth century.
Sir Thomas Overbury’s poem, A Wife, now a Widowe, based on Ovid, was published posthumously, in 1614. The second edition, also 1614, adds some pieces in prose including twenty-one characters. The collection finally reached eighty-three characters by 1622, describing, among others, a good wife, a dissembler, a courtier, a flatterer, a sailor, an amorist, a ‘wideman’, a pedant, etc. The authors of these added characters included Webster, Dekker, Donne (‘The true Character of a Dunce’), and others. Donne’s contributions also included ‘An Essay of Valour’ and ‘Newes from the very Country’, one of the satirical newsletters at the end.
Sir Thomas Overbury (1581-1613) was a celebrated victim of court intrigue. A friend and adviser of James I’s favourite Robert Carr, Viscount Rochester, he fell out with Rochester by opposing his liaison with Frances, Countess of Essex. Rochester turned the King against Overbury and contrived to have him imprisoned in the Tower, where he was slowly poisoned to death. The notoriety of the whole affair no doubt contributed to the popularity of Overbury’s Wife and its gradual accretions.
The five small quarto editions that appeared in 1614 have always been difficult to find, but even the octavo editions from the 1620s and 1630s have now become elusive. This was the last edition to be printed before the Civil War and a change in literary fashion brought Overbury’s star low. There were scattered later printings – 1655, 1664 and 1709.
STC 18919; Gwendolen Murphy, ‘A Bibliography of English Character Books’, Supplement to the Bibliographical Society’s Transactions no. 4 (1925), p. 24.
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