3 vols., 12mo., lightly browned; a very good copy in later nineteenth century half plum morocco and marbled boards, gilt, joints and corners rubbed.
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The Tragedies of Vittorio Alfieri; translated from the Italian … In three Volumes …
First edition of this translation, which Lloyd undertook ‘on the suggestion of a friend whose judgement I highly respect’. This friend was likely Southey, who he addresses as his ‘sponsor’ in the ‘Dedicatory Sonnet’. He held Southey in high esteem, and benefited from his friendship through testing times. Lloyd’s temperament was always difficult, but in 1811 he began to suffer serious auditory delusions, which clouded the rest of his life in periodic spells of insanity. De Quincey suggests that he began the Alfieri project to divert his mind from the onset of madness, and held that Lloyd was amongst the most interesting men he had known.
Lloyd explains his aim to ‘catch perspicuously the general meaning of Alfieri, without at all binding myself down for a literal word-for-word translation, or to a close imitation of his style’. This is indeed a work of some poetic licence, although he maintains the original’s eight dedications to various nobles, including Charles I ‘an unfortunate and dead king’, and General Washington ‘the most illustrious and free citizen’. These, especially the final dedication to ‘The future People of Italy’, convey Alfieri’s hopes for the rousing lessons of antiquity.
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Only edition, mentioned only in one or two pieces of local antiquarian history but not recorded in any of the usual library catalogues. An ephemeral publication containing a short story, a literary divertissement linking passages from Parini’s Mattino with an unidentified poem on gambling and an ode by Catullus, a further few stanzas on Venice; the most original contribution is a ‘Dialogue between a young man and a cynic’, in which the two characters discuss war: while the young man seeks glory, sees war as a chance to free oneself from unchosen power structures and to free society from over-exuberant demographics, the cynic describes glory as a vain phantom, and peace as a more effective context for agriculture, commerce and prosperity for growing populations.
Riflessioni sulla pubblica felicità relativamente al Regno di Napoli. Seconda edizione dall’ autore accresciuta.
Second edition, substantially enlarged. ‘Giuseppe Palmieri, Marchese di Martignano (1721–94?), was one of that brilliant band of Neapolitans in which Filangieri was perhaps the most widely known figure. Palmieri was primarily a practical administrator. But the welfare economics of the eighteenth-century Consultant Administrators can perhaps be best appreciated by reading his Riflessioni sulla pubblica felicità relativemente al regno di Napoli (1787) or his Pensieri economici … (1789) or his Della ricchezza nazionale (1792)’ (Schumpeter, p. 177n).