8vo, pp. [xxxvi], 216; woodcut headpieces and initials; some spotting and browning in places, but largely fresh; with seventeenth-century engraved bookplate of Antonius Biderman on verso of title (leading to small hole on title, not affecting text); in later marbled boards with floral paper spine, handwritten label at head of spine; later endpapers; some rubbing and wear to extremities.
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Opuscula varia posthuma, philosophica, civilia, et theologica, nunc primum edita. Cura & fide Guilielmi Rawley… Una cum nobilissimi auctoris vitae.
First edition, second issue (with the imprint R. Daniel, rather than R. Danielis) of this collection of the philosophical, political, and theological writings of Bacon, including numerous essays previously unpublished, and the first appearance of William Rawley’s biographical sketch of the philosopher. Rawley, Bacon’s literary executor, collects together eleven essays, some original and some appearing for the first time in Latin, including ‘Historia densi et rari’, ‘Inquisitio de magnetate’, ‘Topica inquisitionis de luce et lumine’, ‘Confessio Fidei’, and ‘Inquisitio de versionibus, transmutationubus, multiplicationibus, et effectionibus corporum’; several have their own title-pages.
This copy bears the book-plate of Antonius Biderman (d. 1679), a governor in the service of the Fürstenberg family; the bulk of his collection went to that family’s library at Donaueschingen on his death, although the present copy bears no Donaueschingen stamps.
See Gibson 230b; ESTC R12045, recording four locations in North America (Huntington, Southern Illinois, Rochester, and Toronto), with OCLC adding Rochester.
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Solid philosophy asserted, against the fancies of the ideists: or, the method of science further illustrated. With reflexions on Mr. Locke’s essay concerning human understanding. By J. S.
First edition. The best-known work of the Roman Catholic philosopher and controversialist John Sergeant (1623–1707). ‘The two philosophers to whom he is most opposed are Descartes and Locke, the “Ideists” whose distinction between ideas in the mind and external reality he saw as sowing the seeds for an incurable scepticism which he strongly attacked, but less clearly refuted. Locke is the main subject of his assault, no doubt because by this stage in the late 1690s it was Locke’s philosophy which was the centre of attention. In place of the strongly repudiated “Way of Ideas” Sergeant attempts to set a philosophy of “Notions”, a concept which some have seen, though on the basis of little evidence, as influencing Berkeley. Ideas Sergeant rejects because they close us off from the world of things – “Solid Philosophy” … Sergeant is a curious figure in the history of late seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century philosophy, combining his scholastic roots with glimpses of the modern world into an unstable synthesis of Catholic theology (albeit unorthodox), scholastic philosophy and elements of Lockean epistemology, the latter appearing to be a source on which he drew (as Locke noted) despite his overt rejection of much of its content’ (Dictionary of seventeenth-century British philosophers, p. 724).
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