Large 8vo, pp. [iv], ii, –271,  blank, 19 (publisher’s advertisements),  blank; with a photographic frontispiece, numerous photographs and tables within the text; ink ownership to the verso of the front free endpaper, otherwise a very good, clean copy in the original publisher’s cloth, spine lettered gilt, rubbed at extremities.
US $283 €254
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Betterment Briefs. A Collection of Published Papers on Organized Industrial Efficiency.
Second, definitive edition. ‘The nucleus of the present volume is a series of four articles published by Mr Jacobs in The Engineering Magazine from September, 1906, to January, 1907, under the title “Organization and Economy in the Railway Machine Shop”. This was followed in June by a paper on “The Square Deal to the Railway Employee”, and continued a year later, in June, 1908, by a discussion entitled “Personalism in Railroading; a Study of Changing Conditions.”
‘These all appeared in pamphlet reprint editions, quickly exhausted. Later in 1908, the greater part of the work was reissued, somewhat altered in form, and combined with other papers by the same author which had been published from time to time in The Railroad Gazette and The American Engineer and Railroad Journal, or had been presented before various professional bodies. The entire issue of this enlarged volume, entitled “Betterment Briefs”, in turn, was soon absorbed in private and general circulation.
‘Meanwhile the work on the Santa Fé was proceeding to the development of a new order – new, not only to the road, but to the ideals of railroad operation generally. In the mechanical and stores’ departments, in the apprenticeship system, and in all the relation with employees, both financial and friendly, standards were being attained which made Santa Fé a center of observation and study for railway officials throughout the country. Both inside and outside the organization in which Mr Jacobs was directing so strong a motive force, there was a need for a logical presentation of the various aspects and activities of the Betterment work – a presentation which should properly correlate the several influences and agencies and show them in their proper proportion and connection with one another. This book appears as the fulfilment of the need’ (Charles Buxton Going, in the preface).
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SCOTTISH DRAPER LEARNS HIS ACCOUNTS ALEXANDER, Thomas.
Three account books dated 1829-32 (‘Ledger’, ‘Journals’, ‘Waste Book’).
A very attractive set of sample accounts compiled by the young Scottish draper Thomas Alexander of Blairlogie in Stirling, Scotland, in 1829, as part of his mercantile training. Thomas was born in 1812, the eldest son of a Blairlogie portioner (also called Thomas); he would therefore have been 17 years old when he composed these volumes. In the 1851 census he is recorded as a draper.
SHIPPING THE FOUNDATION OF ENGLAND’S WEALTH [DEFOE, Daniel].
Observations on the Fifth Article of the Treaty of Union, humbly offered to the Consideration of the Parliament, relating to foreign Ships. [No place or date but
Sole edition. Before the Treaty of Union, England, ‘very careful to Encourage her own Shipping, and … Building of Ships, being one of the Principal Foundations of her Wealth’, did not admit foreign-built ships to the freedom of English ports. Foreign owners and foreign bottoms were both excluded. The draft Fifth Article proposed that foreign-built ships wholly owned by Scottish owners were to be deemed ships of the build of Great Britain; if, however, there was a foreign part-owner (and this was common in ‘the Shipping employ’d on the South-East of Scotland’) they were still to be treated as foreign bottoms. Defoe suggests a compromise, that a vessel should qualify as Scottish if the major part (in terms of value) belonged to Scottish owners at the time of the Treaty. It was not adopted.