1 page, foolscap, closely written, slight foxing, creased where formerly folded but in good condition.
US $243 €198
At this time the various branches of the Polhill family were the leading landowners in Shoreham and Otford. This abstract lists the Courts held after the decease of the successive Polhils, and the admission of the successive heirs to the lands of Sandbeaches and Tylefeilds. It ends ‘This is what Mr Weller has copied’, and is followed by one paragraph concerning the tenure of Sandbeaches (part freehold, part copy-hold) and one very interesting paragraph concerning Tylefeilds:
‘Also it appears that tho’ the admittance of David Polhil esqr the present possessor of Tilefeilds was respited [at the Court holden 26 of October 1687]; yet that his father, his uncle, & his great Grandfather were admitted thereto in Otford Court, & paid the rent of 8s as for Copyhold of that Manor. Also whereas the land lies in Otford, it is known that the rental of the Quitrents of Shoreham, sold by K. Charles 2d to Sr John Banks, never claimed any thing at all in Otford, but in Shoreham only. As is to be seen by the old rolls by which Francis Everest of Shoreham, & his father before him, did use (being usually hir’d [?] by the Reeves of that Manor) to gather yearly the rents for K. Ch. 2d And since for Sr Joh Banks – which rolls are now in the hands of William Everest son of the said Francis.’
In the history of Shoreham, a Village in Kent the Everests are described as a well-known Shoreham family, but Charles II, Sir John Banks, the eminent financier and Kent M.P., and the sale of the quitrents of Shoreham are not mentioned. The ‘old rolls’ then in the hands of William Everest do not survive. The site of Tylefeilds is marked by the small modern estate named Great Till Close, off Pilgrims Way.
The precise location of Sandbeaches within Twitton is not known, and its extent is not stated here. An earlier David Polhil had presumably acquired Sandbeaches by marriage with Alice, the sister and heiress of Francis Sandbach of the Inner Temple and King’s Bench.
We think that the Court Rolls for the manor of Otford for this period do not survive, and all the information here may be new.
Geoffrey Hewlett, ‘Reconstructing a Historical Landscape from Field and Documentary Evidence: Otford in Kent’, Agricultural History Review, XXI (1973), 94-110 [Tylfield, p. 108 and figure VII]; Dennis Clarke and Anthony Stoyel, Otford in Kent, 1975, chapters V-VI [on the Polhills, passim]; Malcolm White and Joy Saynor, Shoreham, a Village in Kent, , pp. 65-6, 91-2.
You may also be interested in...
From one of the founders of political journalism LINGUET, Simon-Nicolas-Henri (1736-1794), French journalist and lawyer.
Autograph letter signed (‘Linguet’) to the Parisian banker Perregaux.
An interesting letter from Linguet, one of the founders of political journalism who crossed swords with the philosophes, economists, politicians, and slavery abolitionists. Exiled on numerous occasions and imprisoned in the Bastille, he was guillotined in 1794.
BATHO, Gordon R., and Stephen Clucas, eds.
The Wizard Earl’s Advices to his Son. A Facsimile and Transcript from the Manuscript of Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland, at Petworth House.
The ‘Wizard Earl’, Henry, Ninth Earl of Northumberland, spent much of his life under suspicion. He was, first of all, suspected of being a member of the ‘School of Night’, the butt of Shakespeare’s Love’s Labours Lost. Secondly, and more gravely, he was suspected of involvement in the Gunpowder Plot and imprisoned in the Tower for almost sixteen years. It was during his incarceration that he compiled advice to his son and heir, Algernon. This work is a full facsimile, with a diplomatic transcript, of the ‘Advices to his Son’. The texts are prefaced with an extended introduction by Professor G. R. Batho and Dr Stephen Clucas, who together provide a full and up-to-date account of the Earl’s life, the writing of the ‘Advices’, and his intellectual tastes and development.