Folio, pp. xxxii, 302, iv [‘Analysis of Index’], 51, ; MS pagination to alternate pages, else a good copy in recent cloth-backed boards.
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Report from the Select Committee on the Income and Property Tax; together with the Proceedings of the Committee, Minutes of Evidence, and Appendix.
First edition. This is the concluding report of the Commons Select Committee that had been responsible for investigating possible modifications to income tax policy. John Stuart Mill appeared before the Committee on the 18 June 1861, where he reiterated his central belief that the current system of income tax was unfair to those on small or temporary incomes, ‘though I do not go nearly so far as many people in my estimate of the amount of that injustice’ (p. 212).
The Committee ultimately shied away from embarking on a programme of fiscal tinkering, reasoning that ‘the objections which are brought against [income tax], are objections to its nature and essence rather than to the particular shape given to it’ (p. iv).
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The modern cambist; forming a manual of foreign exchanges, in the direct, indirect, and cross operations of bills of exchange and bullion; including an extensive investigation of the arbitrations of exchange, according to the practice of the first British and foreign houses. With numerous formulae and tables of the weights and measures of other countries, compared with the Imperial standards. Third edition, with extensive alterations and addtioins [sic].
Third edition, corrected and expanded to reflect changes in the monetary systems of Portugal and Geneva, a new coinage introduced by the East India Company and the opening of trade with China. There is also a new appendix which discusses the mintage regulations for the coins of the United States, reflecting the increasing importance of currency exchanges between the United States and the United Kingdom. The section on trade with China is of particular interest as the Canton system described by Tate only lasted another six years before the Treaty of Nanjing, signed on 29 August 1842, ended the First Opium War and laid the foundation for a new system of Chinese foreign relations and overseas trade that lasted for over one hundred years.
[THORNTON, Robert John].
The Politician’s Creed. Being the Great Outline of Political Science. From the Writings of Montesquieu, Hume, Gibbon, Paley, Townsend, &c. &c. By an Independent. Vol. I [- II].
First editions of The Politician’s Creed, by the physician and writer on botany Robert John Thornton (1767-1837). Written as a fundraiser for war widows and orphans, this comprehensive work examines politics as a science, different forms of government and popular responses to them, corruption, the natural limits of republics, monarchies and despotic governments, the British constitution, parliamentary reform, liberty of the press, and ‘the mob’. The second volume discusses trade, public credit and debts, war, taxes, the distribution of labour, money and prices, liberty, and agriculture.