8vo, pp. [iv], viii, 175,  blank,  corrigenda,  blank; printed in Russian, Greek, and Armenian; aside from occasional light yellowing, clean and fresh throughout; in later half maroon calf, marbled boards, preserving the original printed wrappers, illegible stamp on lower wrapper, and some dustsoiling, but still a good copy.
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Biblioteca Armeno-Georgica. I. Commentarii in Aristotelis Categorias Eliae commentatori adscripti versio armenica edidit J. Manandean.
Uncommon edition, published by the Imperial Academy of Sciences in St Petersburg, of the Armenian translation of the commentaries on Aristotle’s Categories by the sixth-century Christian philosopher and commentator Elias.
Biographical information about Elias is sketchy to non-existent. There are three commentaries (the present work, as well as commentaries on the Prior Analytics and on Porphyry’s Isagogue that are attributed to Elias, all firmly placed within the Neoplatonic tradition. Elias has been linked with the school at Alexandria, and a number of commentaries and other philosophical works connected to that school were passed down in a manuscript tradition not only in Greek but also in Armenian, Syriac, and other languages. Indeed the Categories themselves benefited from a fifth-century translation into Armenian, which saw a Venice printing in 1833. The present edition of the commentary is taken from the Armenian manuscript MS 1939 at the Echmiadzin Monastery, west of Yerevan. The editor, Jakob Manandean (1873 – 1952) was the author of several works on ancient Armenian history, as well as on the Armenian manuscript tradition.
See Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy for a sketch of the context and content of Elias’ commentaries; outside Continental Europe, OCLC records copies at Cambridge, Dumbarton Oaks, Newberry, and Harvard.
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[MONTAGU, Mary Wortley (attr.), and PUISSIEUX, Madeline de (translator).]
La femme n’est pas inferieure a l’homme, traduit de l’anglois.
First French translation, uncommon, of Woman not inferior to Man: or, a short and modest Vindication of the natural Right of the fair-Sex to a perfect Equality of Power, Dignity, and Esteem, with the Men, first published in 1739 under the name ‘Sophia, a person of quality’ and sometimes attributed to Mary Wortley Montagu (1689–1762; see Quaritch, Women (2019) 36). Drawing on De l’égalité des deux sexes of Poulain de la Barre, the work examines the justness of the esteem (or lack thereof) in which men hold women, the relative intellectual capacities of the two sexes, whether men are fitter to govern and hold public office than women, and whether women are capable of teaching the sciences and serving in the military. The author concludes: ‘let us show [men], by what little we do without aid of education, the much we might do if they did us justice; that we may force a blush from them, if possible, and compel them to confess their own baseness to us, and that the worst of us deserve much better treatment than the best of us receive’.
JESUIT LOGIC AND PHYSICS [LALANDE, Fr.]
Fair manuscript copy of a course of philosophy for the use of clerical students offering a systematic treatment of Aristotelian Logic and Physics. The initial inscription states that this course was given by a Jesuit, Fr. Lalande, to Jacques Becheau of Périgord in 1681. The course is articulated in the disputationes dealing in depth with logics and metaphysics at first, then physics and astrology in the second part. A fair example of Jesuit Aristotelianism with significant departures from Aquinas’s interpretation, this manuscripts offers an insight into the Jesuit order’s agility in adapting the received ‘calculations’ of syllogism and deduction to early-modern challenges coming from the emergence of experimental science in the age of Galileo.