4to, pp. 23, Greek and Latin text on facing pages, with a woodcut printer’s device on title; modern boards.
US $560 €451
First edition thus. Comprises observations on the customs of different peoples (Iberians, Celts, Phrygians, Assyrians, Spartans and so on) from the Augustan historian Nicolaus of Damascus’ Universal history, only fragments of which have come down to us (in this case via Stobaeus). The text is printed here in the original Greek together with a Latin translation by the Danish historian and philologist Niels Krag (or Cragius, c. 1550–1602).
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First editions. With the Jewish population attaining greater prominence both economically and culturally, the 1880s saw a corresponding wave of emerging anti-Semitism across Central and Eastern Europe. The present works aim to provide a historical precedent for anti-Semitism dating back to the age of the first great Empire, that of ancient Egypt. The illustrations include a wealth of crude stereotypes, including parodies of the traditional imagery of Judaism. The first Anti-Jewish Congress was held in Dresden in 1822, and soon there were similar events across Europe. Forty years later, this legitimisation of racial supremacy was revisited by the Nazi party, who set out to show that Jews had been reviled throughout history.
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