8vo, pp. lxviii,  contents, 589,  blank; closed tear in one f. just touching text, occasional light foxing and some mild offsetting, but a very good copy in contemporary half calf, marbled boards, spine gilt; spine and extremities lightly rubbed.
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Das nationale System der politischen Oekonomie … Erster Band [all published]. Der internationale Handel, die Handelspolitik und der deutsche Zollverein.
Rare first edition of List’s major work.
One of the earliest and most severe critics of the classical school of political economy, List (1789–1846) ‘denounced Adam Smith and his disciples as the “cosmopolitan school” and held that universal free trade was an ideal that could be achieved only in the far distant future. For the time being, he argued, each nation should foster the development of its own manufactures by import duties and even outright prohibitions. Only by such means could countries like Germany, Russia and the United States ever hope to achieve the industrial efficiency that would enable them to compete on equal terms with Britain.
‘List never used the term “infant industry” but the infant industry argument is clearly what he had in mind because he specifically excluded agriculture from all his protectionist arguments and even conceded that global free trade was an ultimate desirable goal … In recent times, List has been hailed not so much as a spokesman for protectionism as a champion of the ambitions of underdeveloped countries. No doubt he was one of the first to recognise the role of national power in the international division of labour and present-day advocates of the dependency school of economic development may legitimately regard him as a forerunner’ (Blaug, Great Economists before Keynes, pp. 129f).
Goldsmiths’ 31957; Humpert 8113; Kress C.5545; PMM 311; not in Einaudi or Menger.
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THE FIRST COMPLETE POLISH VERSE TRANSLATION OF DANTE’S COMEDY ALIGHIERI, Dante.
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Rare. First edition of the first complete verse translation of Dante’s Divine Comedy into Polish, in adjacent and alternating rhymes, complete with all sixteen engravings.
AFTER PETERLOO [HUNT, Henry.]
Mr. Hunt’s triumphant entry in Manchester, from Lancaster Gaol.
Unrecorded handbill reporting on Hunt’s arrival in Manchester on 31 August 1819.
After the Peterloo Massacre on 16 August 1819, Hunt was arrested, charged with seditious conspiracy and transferred to Lancaster Gaol. ‘Bailed, he challenged the competence of the Lancashire grand jury and its foreman Lord Stanley, and mustered popular support in the North-West and London’ (History of Parliament online), passing through Bolton on his way back to Machester – ‘the populace at every place he came to did the utmost to display their voluntary homage’. The present handbill praises Hunt as a ‘tough and faithful instrument’ for reform but warns that ‘discipline is necessary to Reformers’, and in-fighting should be avoided.