8vo, pp. xi, , 343, ; with engraved frontispiece and four engraved vignettes to text; a very good copy in contemporary stiff vellum, gilt contrasting lettering-pieces to spine; nineteenth-century ownership stamp to the title (Hettore Capialbi, Monteleone, 1877).
US $1637 €1424
Very rare first and only edition of a book on economic and social policy by Marcello Marchesini, a scholar from Istria who, having been trained in Venice, took the chair of Political Economy in Naples after Genovesi. Marchesini declares in the title that his book should be regarded as a ‘Spirit of the law as it concerns agriculture, population, the arts and manufactures, and trade’. It must be the aim of all monarchs, he writes, to build a legislation which favours the ‘sources of the wealth of a nation’: a detailed program of enlightened agricultural policies of modernisation (agriculture being the foremost and primary source of a nation’s wealth), of incentive to industry and of free trade. Marchesini’s political outlook recoils from the ‘excesses’ of contemporary French revolutionary antimonarchism, as the dedication to King Ferdinand implies. His is a mature, little-known work embedding the most modern economic notions within the political framework of enlightened absolutism.
Einaudi 3713; Kress S.5432; not in Goldsmiths’, Mattioli or Sraffa. OCLC shows a single copy, at Chicago.
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WHATLEY, Samuel, editor.] A general collection of treatys, declarations of war, manifestos, and other publick papers, relating to peace and war, among the potentates of Europe, from 1648 to the present time. Particularly the Treaty of Munster 1648. The Pyrenean Treaty, with the French king’s and the infanta’s renunciation of the Spanish dominions, 1659. The sale of Dunkirk 1662. The peace betwixt England and France, and England and Holland in 1667. The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle. The Triple League 1668. Treatys of commerce between England, France, Spain and Holland. Treaty of Nimeguen 1678. Defensive alliance betwixt England and Holland 1678. Declarations of war by the allys against France 1688, 1689 and 1702. The first Grand Alliance 1689. The separate peace betwixt France and Savoy 1696. Treaty of Reswick 1697. Treatys of partition 1698, &c. The second Grand Alliance. Treaty for securing the Hanover Succession. Usurpations of France since the Treaty of Munster. The right of the crown of England to Hudson’s-Bay. London, J.
First edition. The introduction comprises ‘A brief history of the French king’s perfidiousness in the breach of solemn treatys’, warning of his pretensions to universal monarchy, and stating that this collection of treaties was published to let British readers learn for themselves where their true interests lay in any future peace negotiations with Louis XIV.
AZUNI, Domenico Alberto.
Systême universel de principes du droit maritime de l’Europe . . . Traduit de l’italien, avec des additions du même auteur.
First French edition. Azuni’s own translation, with additions, of his principal work on maritime law, Sistema universale dei principii del diritto marittimo dell’ Europa (1795). ‘The first volume . . . is devoted to the sea and to the rights that can be exerted over it, and has an almost exclusively historical character. The author narrates the history of the maritime power of the chief states; considers the various theories relating to the extension of territorial waters; examines what rights can be exerted over them and over fisheries, straits, bays, gulfs and anchorages, and briefly passes in review the maritime laws of the principal states of his time. In the second book, which deals with the maritime law of Europe in wartime, he deals especially with relations between belligerents and neutrals . . . . [He] shows that neutrality is founded not only on particular treaties between the neutrals and the belligerents but also on the very nature of international relations. The sole obligation incumbent on neutrals is to remain impartial. In all other things they have the right to continue as before their relations with the belligerents . . . . Azuni extends the jurisdiction of neutral courts on prizes taken to them and in cases of litigation as to the neutral or enemy quality of goods and ships, especially if the goods and ships are claimed by subjects of the local sovereign. The last part of the book deals briefly with the right of asylum, with reprisals in time of peace, with privateers and pirates’ (Sereni, The Italian conception of international law p. 146).