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  1. GREGORY THE GREAT.

    Homiliae in Evangelia, book I, homily 2, from the beginning to near the end of verse 2, a single leaf, single...

    From a well-written manuscript of Gregory the Great’s Homilies on the Gospels, preached most probably during the liturgical year 590–1 and published the following year.

    £1750

  2. MISSAL,

    the Canon of the Mass; a fragment of a bifolium (a single leaf preserving a small section only of the conjoint leaf), single...

    At the end of the first line on the recto is the rubric ‘infra actionem’, immediately before the prayer ‘Communicantes et diem sacratissimam celebrantes’. The expression ‘infra actionem’ originally referred to a variable formula to be inserted within the fixed text on special occasions, and...

    £650

  3. BIBLE,

    in Latin, Deuteronomy 11,24–12,30 and 13,1–14,29; an almost complete leaf written in a good rounded romanesque hand...

    A very large folio leaf from an Italian giant or ‘Atlantic’ Bible. This genre of romanesque Bible originated in Rome in the mid-eleventh century; the production and diffusion were no doubt due in part to the clerical reforms under Popes Leo IX and Gregory VII. In the early twelfth century manuscript...

    £2500

  4. MISSAL,

    with readings and music for the 18th, 19th and 20th Sundays after Pentecost; a partial bifolium and a single leaf (text...

    The fine angular script and elegantly simple initials are typical of Cistercian manuscripts, although the absence of punctus flexus punctuation precludes a more definitive Cistercian attribution.

    £1800

  5. MISSAL,

    with readings and music for the feast of St. Clement (23 November); a complete vellum leaf, double columns of 37 lines...

    The final stage in the accurate placement of musical notation was the introduction of 4-line staves, and they came to be used in almost all music books from the thirteenth century onwards. The present fragment is a relatively early example of their use.

    £975

  6. MISSAL,

    with readings for the fifth week of Lent; a complete leaf, double columns written in black ink in two sizes of a good gothic...

    The post-medieval annotations may indicate an origin in or near Koblenz. They include the place-names ‘Obernlanstein’, ‘Niderlanstain’ and ‘Pfaffendorff’, i.e. Oberlahnstein, Niederlahnstein and Koblenz-Pfaffendorff.

    £400

  7. LECTIONARY,

    in French and Latin, with readings from the Gospel of John, the Book of Wisdom, and Ephesians; a partial bifolium (leaves...

    The use of French indicates that the parent manuscript was intended for a lay reader or audience, while the quality of the script and illumination points to a prestigious commission. The passages in French are each preceded by the first few words of the original Latin text, underlined in red.

    £1500

  8. GART DER GESUNDHEIT.

    Mainz, Peter Schoeffer, 28 March 1485.

    First edition. The Mainz Gart der Gesundheit marks the beginning of scientific naturalism in botanical book illustration, representing a conspicuous departure from the iconographic conventions of earlier incunable herbals. It is the first book published by Schoeffer in a vernacular language, and for...

    £750

  9. CASSIAN, John, monk.

    De institutis coenobiorum [together with:] Collationes Patrum.

    Basel, [Johann Amerbach], after 24 September 1485.

    HUGO DE SANCTO VICTORE. De sacramentis Christianae fidei. Strasbourg, [Printer of the 1483 Jordanus de Quedlinburg (Georg Husner)], 30 July 1485.

    £12000

  10. ALBERTANUS CAUSIDICUS BRIXIENSIS.

    De arte loquendi et tacendi.

    Ingolstadt, [Printer of Celtis ‘Epitoma’ (?Johann Kachelofen), c. 1492.]

    Very rare Ingolstadt edition of this treatise on the art of speech, the most influential work of the thirteenth-century Brescian causidicus, Albertano.

    £7500

  11. ABSTEMIUS, Laurentius (i.e. Lorenzo ASTEMIO, or sometimes BEVILACQUA).

    De quibusdam locis obscuris. [Colophon:] Venice, Bernardino...

    [but c. 1494.]

    Editio princeps, indeed the only attested edition, of this rare incunable dealing with topics of classical philology and orthography.

    £7000

  12. SFORZA, Ludovico, Duke of Milan.

    Letters patent granting various castles and lands to Bertrando de’ Rossi, Count of Berceto,...

    A significant document issued during the Italian War of 1494–1498 by Ludovico Sforza (also known as Ludovico il Moro, duke of Milan 1494–1499).

    £2000

  13. [INDULGENCE]. MILÁ, Luis de, Cardinal.

    Letter of Indulgence (in Catalan), beginning ‘A Honor …’ granted by Luis de Mila,...

    Lérida, Heinrich Botel, c. 1498.

    Printed at Lérida, the second city of Catalonia, about 100 miles inland from Barcelona: an indulgence granted by Luis de Mila, Bishop of Lérida, in favour of the living (as opposed to the dead; see below) to gather funds for the repair of the old Cathedral of Lérida.

    £34000

  14. ILLUMINATED

    INTITIAL from a manuscript Gradual or Antiphonal; initial 'U' painted in rose red with elaborate white tracery, the...

    The stylized decoration and use of bright colours, including the deep blue grape motif, recalls the art of Ferrara at the end of the third quarter of the 15th century. Compare, for example, an initial in a Bible painted for the Este family by Taddeo Crivelli (active from 1451, died 1479) which is now...

    £750

  15. [CIVIL LAW.]

    COMMENTARY, in Latin; a complete paper leaf, double columns of 61 lines, the words commented on written in a large...

    Much of the commentary is concerned with legal transactions and gives instructions about how to produce a valid legal document, such as putting the name of the reigning emperor at the start of the text. The commentary also discusses the different professions and occupations such as head of state, judge,...

    £250

  16. MISSAL,

    the opening of the Canon of the Mass; a complete leaf, 18 lines, written in a fine gothic liturgical script, dark brown...

    Southern German style illumination of a type that seems to have spread well beyond the borders of the German-speaking lands: compare, for instance, the opening of the Canon of the Mass in a Missal supposedly prepared in the diocese of Esztergom c. 1480 for a church in Poszony (Esztergom, FK MS...

    £1500

  17. CHOIR BREVIARY,

    part of the offices for the Feast of the Annunciation (Lady Day); a complete leaf written in double columns with...

    An imposing and richly illuminated leaf from an English ‘Choir Breviary’ of exceptionally large size. The leaf has been preserved as an archival wrapper and survived the Reformation in remarkably good condition.

    £4000