Human Sciences

Contact Barbara Scalvini or Jonathan Harrison

Human Sciences at Quaritch embraces a wide range of books and manuscripts documenting the history of ideas from the earliest times up to about 1960. Our strengths are in the history of economic thought and in philosophy, but we also deal in law; finance and banking (including speculation, actuarial science and insurance); politics and political theory; sociology; psychology; agriculture; education; logic; and the theory of language.

Some notable items which have recently passed through our hands include the only known copy of the Communist Manifesto inscribed by Karl Marx, Rudolf Carnap’s annotated copy of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus (Logisch-philosophische Abhandlung), Joseph Penso de la Vega’s Confusion de Confusiones (1688, the first book to describe the practice of a stock-exchange) and a copy of Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations (4th edition, 1786), inscribed in Smith's own hand to Bonnie Prince Charlie's private secretary.

As well as dealing in individual books and manuscripts, we also offer collections. In recent years we have sold author collections of Friedrich Nietzsche, Bertrand Russell, Thorstein Veblen, Emile Durkheim and Jeremy Bentham. Among subject collections we have offered are the Herwood Library of accounting literature (including Pacioli's Summa de Arithmetica, 1494, the first printed exposition of double-entry book-keeping); the philosophy of language; texts pertaining to the theory and study of language in the West, and the history of probability - the calculus of probabilities, statistics and their applications.

  1. (a). GOULET, Robert.

    Compendium recenter editum de multiplici Parisiensis Universitatis magnificentia, dignitate, et excellentia,...

    Paris, Toussaint Denis, 1517.

    First edition of the first account of the University of Paris, ‘probably the earliest monograph on any university’ – E. P. Goldschmidt.


  2. WAGNER, Martin.

    Idea mercaturae. Darinnen was von der Kauff-Leute Commercien, Credit und Glauben, Fallimenten oder Banckrotten,...

    [Bremen, Erhardt Berger, 1661].

    First edition, very rare, of the first dictionary solely related to business.


  3. HAREL, Charles.

    Ménage sociétaire ou Moyen d’augmenter son Bien-être en diminuant sa dépense, avec indication de quelques...

    Paris, Bureau de la Phalange, à la librairie Sociale, 1839.

    1. First edition of this work by the entrepreneur and inventor Charles Harel (1771-1852), a friend and disciple of Charles Fourier’s. This plan describes Harel’s project for the founding of a community of 200 celibates: a utopia of communal life detailing rules (‘love’, ‘the library’…)...


  4. ROUSSEAU, Jean-Jacques.

    Du contract social, ou, Principes du droit politique.

    Milan, Pogliani, 1796.

    First edition printed in Italy, very rare, of Rousseau’s Contrat social.


  5. GASSER, Simon Peter.

    Einleitung zu den Oeconomischen Politischen und Cameral-Wissenschaften, worrinen für dieses mal die Oeconomico-Cameralia...

    Halle, Wäysenhaus, 1729.

    First edition. Simon Peter Gasser (1676–1745) was appointed by Friedrich Wilhelm I to the first chair of economy to be founded in Prussia, at the University of Halle in 1727, where Gasser had until then been a lecturer in law. The present work, an introduction to the science of cameralism, and dedicated...


  6. WEYLAND, John.

    Observations on Mr. Whitbread’s Poor Bill, and on the Population of England: intended as a supplement to A Short...

    London, J. Hatchard, 1807.

    First edition of each work. The barrister John Weyland (1774–1854) ‘was a well-to-do man whose landed possessions were extensive enough for him to be a magistrate in three counties, Oxfordshire, Berkshire and Surrey’ (James, p. 372). In 1807, he wrote two works supporting the poor laws, entitled...


  7. [LE MERCIER DE LA RIVIÈRE, Pierre Paul].

    De l’instruction publique; ou considérations morales et politiques sur la nécessité,...

    Stockholm and Paris, Didot the elder, 1775.

    First edition, very rare. Before Gustavus III succeeded to the Swedish throne in 1771, at the age of 25, he had been educated by Carl Fredrik Scheffer, the great admirer and translator of the Physiocrats, so it is perhaps unsurprising that the new King, ‘indisputably one of the greatest sovereigns...


  8. GALLONIO, Antonio.

    Trattato de gli instrumenti di martirio e delle varie maniere di martoriare usate da’ gentili contro Christiani,...

    Rome, Donangeli, 1591.

    First edition of this very vividly illustrated catalogue of instruments of martyrdom staging the torments suffered by Christian martyrs throughout history, published by the Jesuit Antonio Gallonio. On p. 136 a curious observation associates contemporary English Catholic martyrs ‘killed in our days...


  9. BERNOULLI, Daniel.

    Q.D.B.V. Specimen inaugurale de usu medico tabularum baptismalium, matrimonialium et amortualium quod favente...

    Basel, J.H. Decker, 1771.

    First edition of Daniel Bernoulli’s doctoral thesis, a pioneering text on the medical applications of mathematical and statistical data. Bernoulli (Daniel junior) shows the potential use of demographic data from baptism, marriage and death records in physiology, pathology, semiology, hygiene, dietetics,...


  10. CAREY, Henry Charles.

    Principles of social science.

    Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott, 1858-1860.

    First edition, a very attractive copy, of Carey’s principal work. ‘His treatment of social science was original, and led him to a series of supposed discoveries, the order of which he has stated in the introduction of his most important work The Principles of Social Science. His point of departure...


  11. [LOQUET, Marie-Françoise].

    Voyage de Sophie et d’Eulalie, au Palais du vrai bonheur; ouvrage pour servir de guide dans les voies...

    Paris, Charles-Pierre Berton, 1781.

    First edition of this rare utopian voyage written by a woman for a readership of women.


  12. [HEINITZ, Karl Friedrich Anton, Freiherr von].

    Essai d’économie politique …

    Basel, Decker brothers, 1785.

    First and only edition of a rare work of comparative economic theory, in which the author presents tables illustrating four different aspects of a state’s political economy. The tables themselves show the economic situation in terms of population, agriculture, and receipts and expenditure.


  13. [ANON].

    The Dutch drawn to the life…

    London, for Thomas Johnson and H. Marsh, 1664.

    First edition. The book is written as a series of questions and answers, covering everything one could ever wish to know about the Dutch and their nation from their general character, social life and customs to physical details of the individual provinces, trade and industry, politics and government,...


  14. [NAUDÉ, Philippe, attr.

    author]. Histoire abrégée de la naissance & du progrez du Kouakerisme avec celle de ses dogmes.

    Cologne, Pierre Marteau, 1692.

    First edition of the earliest work on the Quakers to be published in French. In his survey of English Quakerism the author gives voice to widespread contemporary English criticisms of the movement, radicalizing the charge of Socinianism into one of ‘pure deism’ and ultimately atheism.


  15. RAMUS, Petrus.

    Harangue ... touchant ce qu'ont faict les deputez de l’Université de Paris envers le Roy. Mise de Latin en Francois.

    Paris, Andreas Wechel, 1557.

    First French-language edition of the above, issued simultaneously with the Latin text and presumably translated by Ramus himself. Apart from La Dialectique, this is one of Ramus’ very few works in the vernacular. Very rare.


  16. [Brewer, George].

    The Siamese tales: being a collection of stories told to the son of the Mandarin Sam-Sib, for the purpose of...

    London, Vernor & Hood and Champante & Whitrow, 1796.

    First edition of an anonymously published collection of ‘Siamese tales’, written as fables to increase their appeal to children. In the Introduction, the author states that the purpose of these supposedly translated tales is to ‘promote the love of virtue through the medium of fiction’ (p. 1)....


  17. [ANON].

    Le mie vedute su la sanità e la longevità.

    Naples, Vincenzo Orsino, 1804.

    Rare first edition, purportedly a reply to Sir John Sinclair’s 1802 pamphlet An essay on longevity.


  18. JUGLAR, Clément.

    Des crises commerciales et de leur retour périodique en France, en Angleterre et aux Etats-Unis …

    Paris, Guillaumin, 1889.

    Second edition, greatly enlarged, of the book that laid the foundation of modern business cycle analysis. First published in 1862, Les crises commerciales is the principal work of a man whom Schumpeter says ‘must be ranked, as to talent and command of scientific method, among the greatest economists...


  19. SÜSSMILCH, Johann Peter.

    Die göttliche Ordnung in den Veränderungen des menschlichen Geschlechts, aus der Geburt, dem Tode und...

    Berlin, Verlag des Buchladens der Realschule, 1761.

    The first volume of the second, much enlarged edition of this pioneering work on statistics by a German clergyman, which first appeared in a single volume in 1741. The second volume appeared separately a year later, and the two are very seldom to be found together. ‘J. P. Süssmilch ... may be said...



    An Act for the better regulating the Nightly-Watch, and Beadles within the City of London, and Liberties thereof;...

    [London, 1737].

    Rare first edition of an act providing for the ‘raising and levying of Monies’ for the employment of night-watchmen in the City of London. ‘The said Constables, shall … use their best Endeavours, to prevent Fires, Murders, Burglaries, Robberies, and other Outrages, and Disorders …’. The act...