Human Sciences

Contact Barbara Scalvini or Jonathan Harrison

Human Sciences at Quaritch embraces a wide range of books and manuscripts documenting the history of ideas from the earliest times up to about 1960. Our strengths are in the history of economic thought and in philosophy, but we also deal in law; finance and banking (including speculation, actuarial science and insurance); politics and political theory; sociology; psychology; agriculture; education; logic; and the theory of language.

Some notable items which have recently passed through our hands include the only known copy of the Communist Manifesto inscribed by Karl Marx, Rudolf Carnap’s annotated copy of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus (Logisch-philosophische Abhandlung), Joseph Penso de la Vega’s Confusion de Confusiones (1688, the first book to describe the practice of a stock-exchange) and a copy of Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations (4th edition, 1786), inscribed in Smith's own hand to Bonnie Prince Charlie's private secretary.

As well as dealing in individual books and manuscripts, we also offer collections. In recent years we have sold author collections of Friedrich Nietzsche, Bertrand Russell, Thorstein Veblen, Emile Durkheim and Jeremy Bentham. Among subject collections we have offered are the Herwood Library of accounting literature (including Pacioli's Summa de Arithmetica, 1494, the first printed exposition of double-entry book-keeping); the philosophy of language; texts pertaining to the theory and study of language in the West, and the history of probability - the calculus of probabilities, statistics and their applications.

  1. TUGAN-BARANOVSKII, Mikhail Ivanovich.

    Russkaia fabrika v proshlom’ i nastoiashchem’ [The Russian factory in the past and present].

    St Petersburg, L. F. Pantelev, 1898.

    First edition thus, originally issued as the author’s doctoral dissertation in 1894, a historic-economic analysis of Russian factories up to the 19th century. Beginning with a long introductory chapter on the 18th century, the work analyses factory development before and after the emancipation of the...


  2. TUGAN-BARANOVSKII, Mikhail Ivanovich.

    Teoreticheskiia osnovyi Marksizma.

    St Petersburg, I. N. Skorokhodov, 1905.

    First Russian edition of Theoretical Foundations of Marxism; a German edition, Theoretische Grundlagen der Marxismus, was published in the same year. In the present work Tugan-Baranovsky shows the influence of the revisionism present throughout the socialist movement at the turn of the century. He approaches...


  3. TUGAN-BARANOVSKI, Mikhail Ivanovich.

    Obshchestvennoe ekonomicheskie idealyi nashego vremeni

    Saint Petersburg, Izdatelstvo ‘Vestniks Znaniya’ V.V. Bitner, 1913 .

    First and only edition of Socio-Economic Ideals in Our Time, seemingly never translated into English. The work contains chapters on the exploitation of the working classes, centralised, federalised and anarchised socialism, communism, and collectivism, and the transition from capitalism to socialism.


  4. TURGOT,

    Anne Robert Jacques and DUPONT de NEMOURS, Pierre Samuel, ed. Oeuvres posthumes ... ou mémoire de M. Turgot, sur les administrations...

    Lausanne, [n.p.] 1787.

    First edition, published by Honoré Gabriel Mirabeau. The work was originally drawn up by DuPont de Nemours in 1776 under the title Mémoire sur les municipalités after a draft left by Turgot. The Lettre which begins on page 99 was written by DuPont de Nemours and the Observations (p. 113ff.) by Brissot...


  5. [TURNER, George].

    An Inquiry into the revenue, credit, and commerce of France. In a letter to a member of the present parliament.

    London, J. Roberts, 1742.

    First editions. These three pamphlets all stem from the debate in the House of Lords of 1 June 1742 on the Trade & Navigation Bill. They all hinge on a single aspect of the debate – whether France could fund another war from her export and import revenues.



    Del prezzo delle cose tutte mercatabili. Trattato legale-economico ove incidentemente si additano...

    Bologna, Ulisse Ramponi, 1806.

    Very rare first edition. ‘Valeriani (1758–1828) was something of a polyhistor and much admired in his time and country. The little steam he reserved for economics was put to good use, however, in his theory of prices (Del prezzo delle cose tutte mercatabili, 1806), which could have taught Senior...


  7. [VAUGHAN, Benjamin].

    Nouveaux & anciens principes du commerce comparés, ou Traité sur les principes du commerce entre les nations;...

    London, Galabin, 1789.

    First French translation of New and old principles of trade compared (1788) by the political reformer and close friend of Benjamin Franklin, Benjamin Vaughan. Vaughan’s text ‘displayed a thorough familiarity with both French and Scottish sources on commercial theory and policy, and advocated (among...


  8. VENUSTI, Antonio Maria.

    Compendio utilissimo di quelle cose, le quali a nobili e christiani mercanti appartengono.

    Milan, Giovan Antonio degli Antonij, 1561.

    First edition, containing Discorso d’intorno alla Mercantia and Trattato del Cambio di Lione o di Bisenzone and Trattato de’ Cambi, and including the Italian translation of Saravia de la Calle’s Institutione de’ Mercanti.


  9. VERGIL, Polydore.

    Anglicae historiae libri vigintisex.

    Basel, Michael Isingrin, 1546.

    Second edition, much revised, of Vergil’s English History, dedicated to Henry VIII. It is seen as the beginning of modern English historiography, as an important piece of propaganda for the Tudor monarchy, and as an influence on Shakespeare’s history plays.


  10. [VERRI, Pietro.]

    Il Caffè ossia brevi e varii discorsi già distribuiti in fogli periodici.

    Brescia, Giammaria Rizzardi, 1765-1766.

    First edition of this important Italian periodical. ‘Questo interessantissimo giornale letterario publicato sul modello dello Spettatore Inglese è compreso in quattro semestri, ed incominciossi a stampare nel maggio del 1764’ (Melzi). The society was founded by Pietro Verri to stimulate and encourage...



    За антиимпериалистическую солидарность, мир и прогресс! [For...

    Moscow, Izdatelstvo Plakat, 1975.

    A dramatic manifestation of the Soviet Union’s claim to be the foremost enemy of imperialism, and a vehement supporter of independence movements throughout the third world, as demonstrated here by the traditional dress of some of the figures in the background.


  12. [VILLENEUVE, Daniel Jost de].

    Le Voyageur philosophe dans un pais inconnu aux habitans de la Terre … Par M. Listonai. Tome premier...

    Amsterdam, ‘aux depens de l’éditeur’, 1761.

    First edition. In this account of a dreamed lunar citadel, Sélénopolis, the author (of whom little is known) explores a classic theme of Enlightenment thought – the comparison between the natural and the social state of man. The work is particularly notable for its ideas on technology, aviation...



    Bilan général et raisonné de l’Angleterre, depuis 1600 jusqu’à la fin de 1761; ou Lettre à M. L....

    [Paris, n.p.,] 1762.

    First edition, very rare: ‘The object of the “letter” is to show that the wealth and trade of England were not greater than that of France. With this view the author examines into the balance of trade between England and other countries (including Ireland), the national income and debt, exchanges,...


  14. [VOLTAIRE.]

    Das Mädchen von Orleans. Ein komisches Heldengedicht in zwölf Gesängen nach Voltaire frei bearbeitet.

    Neustadt, ‘im Verlags-Comptoir’, n. d. [mid nineteenth century].

    A freely adapted German rendition of La Pucelle d’Orleans, very rare. Fromm gives the date as around 1865 (and the place of publication as Hamburg), the online Staatsbibliothek catalogue (the only copy listed by KVK) as c.1830.


  15. WAGNER, Adolph.

    Die russische Papierwährung. Eine volkwirthschaftliche und finanzpolitische Studie, nebst Vorschlägen zur Herstellung...

    Riga, N. Kymmel, 1868.

    First edition in book form: the work first appeared in the Baltische Monatschrift 1867–8; a Russian translation by Bunge, later minister of finance, was published in Kiev in 1871.


  16. WAGNER, Martin.

    Idea mercaturae. Darinnen was von der Kauff-Leute Commercien, Credit und Glauben, Fallimenten oder Banckrotten,...

    [Bremen, Erhardt Berger, 1661].

    First edition, very rare, of the first dictionary solely related to business.


  17. WALFORD, L[ucy] B[ethia].

    The Mischief of Monica … in three Volumes …

    London, Longmans, Green, & Co. … 1891.

    First edition. Born in Edinburgh in 1845, Walford began writing secretly soon after her marriage, contributing stories to Blackwood’s and other periodicals. Her family voiced serious disapproval upon the publication of her first novel, Mr Smith: A Part of his Life, in 1874; it was, however,...


  18. [WALKER.] MUNROE, James Phinney.

    A Life of Francis Amasa Walker.

    New York, Henry Holt & Company, 1923.

    First edition. Francis Amasa Walker (1799–1875), son of a blacksmith, was one of the leading propounder of free-trade. ‘He devoted himself primarily to politics and education. He served in the legislature as secretary to the State of Massachusetts. His opposition to slavery was such that he co-operated...


  19. WALLON, Henri Alexandre.


    Paris, Dezobry, e. Magdeleine et, 1847.

    First edition. The introduction to Wallon’s fundamental History of slavery, published separately and included in the History from the second edition onwards.


  20. WALRAS, Léon.

    Études d’économie sociale (Théorie de la Répartition de la Richesse sociale).

    Lausanne and Paris, Rouge and Pichon & Durand-Auzias, 1936.

    This, the second, definitive edition differs from the first (1896) in containing the ‘Souvenirs du Congrès de Lausanne’. The congress on taxation in Lausanne in 1860, at which Walras read a paper, was a climacteric in his career. In the audience was Louis Ruchonnet, who later became chief of the...